American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
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American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2020, 8(2), 71-77
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-8-2-5
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Social Anxiety Disorder and Impact on School Performance among Secondary School Students in Taif City, KSA

Fawaz Meshal Alsufyani1, and Abduallah Ahmed Albarqi2

1Family Medicine Resident, Taif, Saudi Arabia

2Family Medicine Consultant, Taif, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: June 08, 2020

Cite this paper:
Fawaz Meshal Alsufyani and Abduallah Ahmed Albarqi. Prevalence of Social Anxiety Disorder and Impact on School Performance among Secondary School Students in Taif City, KSA. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2020; 8(2):71-77. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-8-2-5

Abstract

Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a prevalent condition in Saudi Arabia, especially in people who are in their adolescent years. However, there is no available data on social anxiety disorder in Taif secondary male schools. Objectives: to explore the magnitude and associated factors of social anxiety disorder among secondary school students, Taif, KSA, January, 2019. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Taif city, including a representative random sample of male secondary schools enrolled in private and governmental schools throughout the academic year 2018-2019. Data were collected using a self–administered questionnaire. It included socio-demographic characteristics of the students as well as the Arabic version of Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN) to assess SAD among them. Results: The study included 190 students. The age of about one-third of them (34.7%) was 17 years whereas that of 30.5% was 18 years or above. More than half of the participants (56.3%) were recruited from governmental schools. The prevalence of social phobia was 17.9%; it was mild among 11.6% of them and severe among only 2.1%. Students of lower educated mothers were more likely to have severe forms of the disorder, p=0.030. There was no difference between students of private and governmental schools regarding prevalence and severity of social phobia. Social anxiety disorder had no impact of school performance of the affected students. Conclusion: The prevalence of social anxiety disorder among secondary school students in Taif is within the range of other Saudi studies. However, it is higher than those reported in Western countries and affects a considerable proportion of students.

Keywords:
social anxiety school performance

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