American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
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American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2018, 6(2), 66-72
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-6-2-9
Open AccessArticle

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Vitamin D Deficiency among Female Adult Attending the Primary Health Clinic at Makkah, Saudi Arabia in 2018

Yehya Ahmed Masi Almalki1, Haroun Ibrahim Alhosawi2, Abdullah Mansour Saeed Alzahrani3, Hassan Owysh Alsolami3, Marwan Lafy Al Harbi2, Mohammed Saffer Althebyani4, , Suliman Khairat Alansaree5, Mamduh Lafi Al Harbi3 and Khalid Mansoor Ja'amal6

1Laboratory Specialist, ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

2Laboratory Technician, ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

3Nursing, ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

4Resident, ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

5Epidemiology Inspector, ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

6Epidemiologist, ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: December 18, 2018

Cite this paper:
Yehya Ahmed Masi Almalki, Haroun Ibrahim Alhosawi, Abdullah Mansour Saeed Alzahrani, Hassan Owysh Alsolami, Marwan Lafy Al Harbi, Mohammed Saffer Althebyani, Suliman Khairat Alansaree, Mamduh Lafi Al Harbi and Khalid Mansoor Ja'amal. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Vitamin D Deficiency among Female Adult Attending the Primary Health Clinic at Makkah, Saudi Arabia in 2018. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2018; 6(2):66-72. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-6-2-9

Abstract

Background Vitamin D is known to have essential roles in the human body. However, the case of vitamin deficiency is reported to increase in many adult worldwide, especially in Saudi Arabia. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with numerous chronic diseases including cancer, heart disease and diabetes type 1 and 2. It is currently estimated that one billion people suffer from vitamin D deficiency worldwide. A major cause is lack of sun exposure, and this is evident even in countries at mid and low latitudes. Although a high prevalence has been found in Saudi Arabia, little is known to date about the reasons for this. Aim of the study: The study’s aim was to assessment the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) towards vitamin D deficiency, sun exposure, supplementation in a sample of adult female attending the primary health clinic at Makkah, Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 86 female adult attending to clinic in PHC at Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Validated questionnaires concerning demographic data and knowledge scores on Vitamin D and its supplementation were given. Results: All subjects (100%) were not taking vitamin D supplements, most of the subjects were not taking adequate amount of sea foods (96%), (90%) not consuming 1 litter of milk and inadequate intake mushroom in the diet(84%) during maturity period 58% Conclusion: This study was conducted assessment the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) towards vitamin D deficiency, sun exposure, supplementation in a sample of adult female attending the primary health clinic at Makkah, Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian. Most of the respondents were found to have limited information about vitamin D deficiency, and the high prevalence of low level of adherence to vitamin D supplementation of the participants. Overall, must be exposed to health care and educational program in order for them to increase their knowledge about the importance of micronutrients – its function and supplementation - towards adult female, especially the vitamin D.

Keywords:
knowledge aattitude practice Vitamin D supplementation adult female

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