American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2327-6681 ISSN (Online): 2327-6657 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmsm Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2019, 7(4), 162-172
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-7-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Knowledge and Beliefs Regarding Acne Vulgaris among Governmental Secondary School Students in Makkah Almukarramah, 2018

Heba Albokhari1,

1Family Medicine Resident, Joint Program Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: November 21, 2019

Cite this paper:
Heba Albokhari. Knowledge and Beliefs Regarding Acne Vulgaris among Governmental Secondary School Students in Makkah Almukarramah, 2018. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2019; 7(4):162-172. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-7-4-4

Abstract

Background: Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring. It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. Acne vulgaris is a common condition extremely prevalent among teenagers and young adults under the age of 24 years. Nearly 85% of adolescents in this age group experience some degree of acne. The prevalence of Acne vulgaris among female secondary school students in Arar city, KSA, during the second semester of the academic year 2017–2018 was 14.3%. It had a considerable impact on their quality of life. Proper dermatological care should be offered in secondary schools.Acne lasts for several years and thus may significantly influence in many ways the lives of those affected. Therefore, early and effective treatment is needed to save these patients from all the possible complications. Successful treatment of acne is significantly affected The present study was conducted to know the level of Knowledge and beliefs regarding acne vulgaris among governmental secondary school students in Makkah. Aim of the study: To determine the knowledge and beliefs of acne vulgaris among the students. Method: A cross-sectional study design. The current study was conducted Male and female secondary school students from selected governmental schools in Makkah. The total the sample size calculation will be 284 students (Female and male). Results: Total 284 school students. The majority of Participants were female (58.8%) The most Participants common education level was Second grade (36.3%) and the least common was Third grade (31.7%) will the first grade (32.0 %), positive correlations between belief and knowledge Where (r = 0.120; p < 0.043). Conclusion: That misconception of acne is widespread among Saudi youth. A health education program is needed to improve the understanding of the condition. Forty-seven percent of our study believed that treating acne by doctors requires Long-term follow-up.

Keywords:
knowledge acne vulgaris beliefs Saudi Makkah secondary school students

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Darwish, M. A., & Al-Rubaya, A. A. (2013). Knowledge, beliefs, and psychosocial effect of acne vulgaris among Saudi acne patients. ISRN dermatology, 2013.
 
[2]  BMJ Best Practice1 [Internet]. [cited 2017 Nov 10]. Available from: http://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-gb/101.
 
[3]  Hulmani, M., Bullappa, A., Kakar, S., & Kengnal, P. (2017). Knowledge, attitude an d practice towards acne vulgaris among acne patients. Int J Res Dermatol, 3(1), 107-112.
 
[4]  Brajac I, Bilić-Zulle L, Tkalčić M, Lončarek K, Gruber F. (2004). Acne vulgaris: myths and misconceptions among patients and family physicians. Patient Education and Counseling.; 54(1): 21-25.
 
[5]  Wei, B., Pang, Y., Zhu, H., Qu, L., Xiao, T., Wei, H. C., ... & He, C. D. (2010). The epidemiology of adolescent acne in North East China. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 24(8), 953-957.
 
[6]  Al-Hoqail IA. (2003). Knowledge, beliefs and perception of youth toward skin disorder vulgaris. Saudi master's degree J.; 4(7): 765-8.
 
[7]  Su P, Chen Wee Aw D, Lee SH, Han Sim Toh MP. (2015). Beliefs, perceptions and psychosocial impact of acne amongst Singaporean students in tertiary institutions. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges.; 13(3): 227-33.
 
[8]  Bennardo, L., Del Duca, E., Dastoli, S., Schipani, G., Scali, E., Silvestri, M., & Nisticò, S. P. (2018). Potential applications of topical oxygen therapy in dermatology. Dermatology Practical & Conceptual, 8(4), 272.
 
[9]  Al-Natour, S. H. (2017). Acne vulgaris: Perceptions and beliefs of Saudi adolescent males. Journal of family & community medicine, 24(1), 34.
 
[10]  Nazarian, R. S., Zheng, E., Halverstam, C., Cohen, S. R., & Wolkoff, A. W. (2019). Prolonged Serum Alanine Aminotransferase Elevation Associated with Isotretinoin Administration. Case reports in hepatology, 2019.
 
[11]  Tasoula E, Gregoriou S, Chalikias J, Lazarou D, Danopoulou I, Katsambas A, Rigopoulos D (2012): The impact of acne vulgaris on quality of life and psychic health in young adolescents in Greece. Results of a population survey. Anais brasileiros de dermatologia, 87: 862-869.
 
[12]  Albuquerque RG, Rocha MA, Bagatin E, Tufik S, Andersen ML. (2014). Could adult female acne be associated with modern life? Archives of dermatological research, 306: 683-688.
 
[13]  Cho EB, Ha JM, Park EJ, Kim KH, Kim KJ. (2014). Heredity of acne in Korean patients. The Journal of dermatology, 41: 915-917.
 
[14]  Kistowska M, Meier B, Proust T, Feldmeyer L, Cozzio A, Kuendig T, Contassot E, French LE. (2015). Propionibacterium acnes Promotes Th17 and Th17/Th1 Responses in Acne Patients. The Journal of investigative dermatology, 135: 110-118.
 
[15]  Bakry OA, El Shazly RM, El Farargy SM, Kotb D. (2014). Role of hormones and blood lipids in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris in non-obese, non-hirsute females. Indian Dermatol Online J, 5: S9-s16.
 
[16]  Williams HC, Dellavalle RP, Garner S. (2012). Acne vulgaris. Lancet (London, England), 379: 361-372.
 
[17]  Zouboulis CC. (2014): [Acne vulgaris]. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete, 65: 733-747; quiz 748-739.
 
[18]  Purdy, Sarah, and David de Berker. (2011). "Acne vulgaris." BMJ clinical evidence (2011).
 
[19]  Al Saud, L. M., Alorabi, S. O., Alenzi, T. M., Alrwebah, H. I., & AlSaab, W. I. (2017). Assessment of Knowledge, Perception and Impacts of Acne Vulgaris among Saudi Community. Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 68(2).
 
[20]  Bielfeldt, S., Springmann, G., Seise, M., Wilhelm, K. P., & Callaghan, T. (2018). An updated review of clinical methods in the assessment of ageing skin–New perspectives and evaluation for claims support. International journal of cosmetic science, 40(4), 348-355.
 
[21]  Kellett N, West F, Finlay AY. (2006). Conjoint analysis: a novel, rigorous tool for determining patient preferences for topical antibiotic treatment for acne. A randomised controlled trial. Br J Dermatol; 154: 524-532.
 
[22]  Degitz K, Placzek M, Borelli C, Plewig G. (2007). Pathophysiology of acne. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges; 5: 316-25.
 
[23]  Bhate, K., & Williams, H. C. (2013). Epidemiology of acne vulgaris. British Journal of Dermatology, 168(3), 474-485.
 
[24]  Amado JM, Matos ME, Abreu AM, et al. (2006).The prevalence of acne in the north of Portugal. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 20: 1287-1295.
 
[25]  Pearl A, Arroll B, Lello J, et al.(1998).The impact of acne: a study of adolescents' attitudes, perception and knowledge. N Z Med J; 111: 269-271.
 
[26]  Cook CH, Centner RL, Michaels SE. (1979). An acne grading method using photographic standards. Arch Dermatol; 115: 571-575.
 
[27]  Di Landro, A., Cazzaniga, S., Parazzini, F., Ingordo, V., Cusano, F., Atzori, L., ... & Bettoli, V. (2012). Family history, body mass index, selected dietary factors, menstrual history, and risk of moderate to severe acne in adolescents and young adults. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 67(6), 1129-1135.
 
[28]  Rigopoulos D, Gregoriou S, Ifandi A, Efstathiou G, Georgala S, Chalkias J, et al. (2017).Coping with acne: beliefs and perceptions in a sample of secondary school Greek pupils. J Eur Acad Dermatology Venereol. 2007 Jul 1 [cited Nov 12]; 21(6): 806-10.
 
[29]  Ullah G, Noor SM, Bhatti Z, Ahmad M, Bangash AR(2014): Comparison of oral azithromycin with oral doxycycline in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC., 26: 64-67.
 
[30]  Poli F, Auffret N, Beylot C, et al. (2011). Acne as seen by adolescents: results of questionnaire study in 852 French individuals. Acta Dermato-Venereologica.; 91(5): 531-536.
 
[31]  Al Robaee AA. (2005). Prevalence, knowledge, beliefs and psychosocial impact of acne in University students in Central Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J.; 26: 1958-61.
 
[32]  Tallab TM. (2004). Beliefs, perceptions and psychological impact of acne vulgaris among patients in the Assir region of Saudi Arabia. West African Journal of Medicine; 23(1): 85-87.
 
[33]  Babaeinejad S, Khodaeiani E, Fouladi RF. (2011). Comparison of therapeutic effects of oral doxycycline and azithromycin in patients with moderate acne vulgaris: What is the role of age? The Journal of dermatological treatment, 22: 206-210.
 
[34]  Al Mashat S, Al Sharif N, Zimmo S. (2013).Acne awareness and perception among population in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. JSSDDS.; 17: 47-9.
 
[35]  Yahya H. (2009). Acne vulgaris in Nigerian adolescents – Prevalence, severity, beliefs, perceptions, and practices. Int J Dermatol. 48: 498-505.
 
[36]  Do JE, Cho S-M, In S-I, Lim K-Y, Lee S, Lee E-S. (2009). Psychosocial aspects of acne vulgaris: a community-based study with Korean adolescents. Annals of Dermatology. 21(2): 125-129.
 
[37]  Tahir CM, Ansari R. (2012). Beliefs, perceptions and expectations among acne patients. Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists. 22: 98-104.
 
[38]  Tan JK, Vasey K, Fung KY. (2001). Beliefs and perceptions of patients with acne. J Am Acad Dermatol.; 44(3): 439-45.
 
[39]  Uslu G, Sendur N, Uslu M, Savk E, Karaman G, Eskin M. (2008). Acne: prevalence, perceptions and effects on psychological health among adolescents in Aydin, Turkey. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol.; 22(4): 462-9.