American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
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American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2019, 7(3), 80-88
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-7-3-6
Open AccessArticle

The Prevalence of Obesity and the Associated Risk Factors among Type II Diabetic Patients Attending Al-Aziziyah Al-Sharqiah Primary Health Care Center in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, 2018

Amani Onayzan Alsaeedi1,

1Family Medicine Resident, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: October 10, 2019

Cite this paper:
Amani Onayzan Alsaeedi. The Prevalence of Obesity and the Associated Risk Factors among Type II Diabetic Patients Attending Al-Aziziyah Al-Sharqiah Primary Health Care Center in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, 2018. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2019; 7(3):80-88. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-7-3-6

Abstract

Background: Obesity among type 2 diabetic patients has proven to have adverse effects in management and control of diabetes and a considerable proportion of type 2 diabetic patients have been reported to be obese in different settings, which increase the risk of microvascular complications among them. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of and define determinants of obesity among type 2 diabetic patients. Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Al-Aziziyah Al-shargiah primary health care center, Makkah among a random sample of type 2 diabetic patients registered in the chronic disease clinic. Self-administrated validated questionnaire was used for data collection. It composed of two sections; socio-demographic and personal characteristics of the participants as well as factors associated with obesity. Additionally, the body mass index (BMI) was calculated by an expert nurse. Results: Overall, 160 patients were enrolled for the study with a response rate of 91.4%. Their age ranged between 38 and 85 years with mean±SD of 51.5±9.2 years. Most of them (72.5%) were females and majority were Saudis (90%). Aalmost two-thirds of the respondents (63.8%) were obese. Results of multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that compared to single persons, divorced were at 9-folds risk for obesity (AOR=9.0; 95% CI=1.19-106.0, p=0.017). Participants who didn`t stop aerobic exercise for two consecutive days or more per week were at lower risk for obesity compared to those did that always (AOR=0.05; 95% CI=0.001-0.74, p=0.029). Type 2 diabetic patients who treated with insulin were at higher significant risk for obesity compared to those treated with tables only (AOR=8.11; 95% CI=1.01-65.24, p=0.019). Conclusion: Obesity is highly prevalent among type 2 diabetic patients. Some modifiable risk factors were identified. Multidisciplinary effort is warranted to reduce obesity among type 2 diabetic patients.

Keywords:
obesity type 2 diabetes mellitus risk factors Saudi Arabia

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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