American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2327-6681 ISSN (Online): 2327-6657 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmsm Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2019, 7(3), 67-72
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-7-3-4
Open AccessArticle

Balance between Job, Worker Demands and Family Responsibilities of Ever-Married Female Physicians Working at Primary Health Care Centers, Makkah, 2018

Roaa Mansour Alhutayli1, and Saud Hasan Surbaya2

1Family medicine resident, joint program Makkah, Saudi Arabia

2Family Medicine Consultant, Training Education and Research Department, Makkah Public Health, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: October 10, 2019

Cite this paper:
Roaa Mansour Alhutayli and Saud Hasan Surbaya. Balance between Job, Worker Demands and Family Responsibilities of Ever-Married Female Physicians Working at Primary Health Care Centers, Makkah, 2018. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2019; 7(3):67-72. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-7-3-4

Abstract

Background: For many female physicians, particularly those married, obtaining an acceptable balance between career demands and family life is a difficult challenge. Objectives: determine the influence of career and job demands on family life and vice versa among ever-married female doctors working in primary care in Makkah and discover suggested solutions to create the balance between them to become more comfortable. Subjects and Methods: This study was carried out using a cross-sectional design among a representative sample of female physicians who ever married and currently working in primary health care settings, Makkah. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. It included questions concerning demographic information, family responsibilities, career obligations and obstacles and suggested solution. Results: The study included 149 female physicians. Their age ranged between 25 and 53 years with an arithmetic mean of 33.6 years and standard deviation of 6.7 years. Physicians who did not report negative impact of work on the relationship with spouse or children (p<0.001) and those who had no difficulty in transportation (p=0.005) were more satisfied in balance between career and family life than their counterparts. Physicians` suggested solutions that can offer a balance between their career and family life included mainly providing child healthcare at primary care centers was the commonest reported one (76.5%), offering more days off for maternity (65.1%) and flexibility at work (47%). Conclusion: Unsatisfaction of Saudi female physicians in balancing career and family life is a relatively common problem among those working in primary health care centers in Makkah. However, possible solutions were suggested by physicians.

Keywords:
primary health care female physician satisfaction

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Jolliff L. Women in U.S. Academic Medicine and Science: Statistics and Benchmarking Report. New York; 2012.
 
[2]  Leadley J. Women in U . S . Academic Medicine and Science: Statistics and Benchmarking Report 2011 – 2012 [Internet]. 2012. Available from: https://diversity.ucsf.edu/node/486116
 
[3]  Hammer TH, Saksvik PØ, Nytrø K, Torvatn H, Bayazit M. Expanding the Psychosocial Work Environment: Workplace Norms and Work-Family Conflict as Correlates of Stress and Health. J Occup Health Psychol [Internet]. 2004; 9(1): 83-97.
 
[4]  Heiligers PJ. Gender differences in medical students’ motives and career choice. BMC Med Educ [Internet]. 2012 Dec 23; 12(1): 82.
 
[5]  Gjerberg E. Women doctors in Norway: the challenging balance between career and family life. Soc Sci Med [Internet]. 2003 Oct; 57(7): 1327-41.
 
[6]  Saeed K, Farooqi YA. Examining the relationship between work life balance, job stress and job satisfaction among university teachers: A case of University of Gujrat. Int J Acad Res Progress Educ Dev [Internet]. 2014; 3(4): 36-46.
 
[7]  AlGhamdi T. Balance between career and family life among female doctors in King Abdul- Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Heal [Internet]. 2014; 3(2): 203.
 
[8]  Verlander G. Female physicians: Balancing career and family. Acad Psychiatry. 2004; 28(4): 331-6.
 
[9]  Drachman VG. The limits of progress: the professional lives of women doctors, 1881-1926. Bull Hist Med [Internet]. 1986; 60(1): 58-72.
 
[10]  Dumelow C, Littlejohns P, Griffiths S. Relation between a career and family life for English hospital consultants: qualitative, semistructured interview study. BMJ [Internet]. 2000 May 27; 320(7247): 1437-40.
 
[11]  Cinamon RG. Anticipated Work-Family Conflict: Effects of Gender, Self-Efficacy, and Family Background. Career Dev Q [Internet]. 2006 Mar; 54(3): 202-15.
 
[12]  Uhlenberg P, Cooney TM. Male and female physicians: Family and career comparisons. Soc Sci Med [Internet]. 1990 Jan; 30(3): 373-8.
 
[13]  Byron K. A meta-analytic review of work–family conflict and its antecedents. J Vocat Behav [Internet]. 2005 Oct; 67(2): 169-98.
 
[14]  Hennessy KD, Lent RW. Self-Efficacy for Managing Work--Family Conflict. J Career Assess [Internet]. 2008 Aug 29; 16(3): 370-83.
 
[15]  Section on Medical Students, Residents and FT, Committee on Early Childhood. Parental leave for residents and pediatric training programs. Pediatrics [Internet]. 2013 Feb; 131(2): 387-90.
 
[16]  Statement P. Parental Leave for Residents and Pediatric Training Programs. Pediatrics [Internet]. 2013 Feb 1; 131(2): 387-90.
 
[17]  Vahratian A, Johnson TRB. Maternity leave benefits in the United States: today’s economic climate underlines deficiencies. Birth [Internet]. 2009 Sep; 36(3): 177-9.
 
[18]  Sayres M, Wyshak G, Denterlein G, Apfel R, Shore E, Federman D. Pregnancy during Residency. N Engl J Med [Internet]. 1986 Feb 13; 314(7): 418-23.