American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2333-4665 ISSN (Online): 2333-4673 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. 2015, 3(2), 37-41
DOI: 10.12691/ajmse-3-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Emulsifier Concentration on the Properties of Olechemical Oil Based Cutting Fluid

Lawal S.A1, , Ugheoke B.I2, Woma T.Y3, Amodu E.A1, Olatunji K.O1, Yusuf A.O1 and Yahaya J1

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Abuja, Nigeria

3Pure and Applied Physics Department, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Pub. Date: November 13, 2015

Cite this paper:
Lawal S.A, Ugheoke B.I, Woma T.Y, Amodu E.A, Olatunji K.O, Yusuf A.O and Yahaya J. Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Emulsifier Concentration on the Properties of Olechemical Oil Based Cutting Fluid. American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. 2015; 3(2):37-41. doi: 10.12691/ajmse-3-2-3


Experimental investigation of the effect of emulsifier concentration on the properties of olechemical-oil -based cutting fluid was studied. It was observed that as the emulsifier concentration increases from 2% to 8%, the kinematic viscosity increased. However, for emulsifier concentration of 10%, the kinematic viscosity started decreasing for all the temperature range used, although an increase was observed with increase in temperature. On the other hand, other properties such as thermal conductivity, pH value, flash and fire points increased as the concentration of the emulsifier was raised. However, microbial growth decreased as the pH value increased.

emulsifier formulation olechemical oil cutting fluid vegetable oil

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Salimon J, Salih N, Yousif E, Industrial development and applications of plant oils and their biobased oleochemicals, Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 5, 135-145, 2012.
[2]  Yerkes, K. L. and Dorian, J., Micro-cooler for chip-level temperature control, Aero System Power Conference, Arizona, 01-1404, 1-9, 1999.
[3]  Chiou, R.Y.; Chen, J. S. J.; Lu, L. and North, M. T., The effect of an embedded heat pipe in a cutting tool on temperature and wear, Proceedings of ASME Conference on Mechanical Engineering, 1-8, 2003.
[4]  Ko, T.L.; Kim, H. S. and Chung, B. G., Air-oil cooling method for turning of hardened material, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 15(7), 470-477, 1999.
[5]  Chou, Y. K., Hard turning of M50 steel with different micro structures in continuous and intermittent cutting, Wear, 255, 1388-1394, 1999.
[6]  Motta, M. F. and Machado, A. R., Cutting Fluids: types, functions, selection, application methods and maintenance, Machines and Metals Magazine, Brazil, pp 44-56, 1995.
[7]  Minke, E., Contribution to the Role of Coolants on Grinding Process and Work Results, 3rd International Machining and Grinding Conference, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1999.
[8]  Baradie, M. A. E. I., Cutting fluids: Part I. Characterization, Journal of Material Processing Technology, Ireland, 56, 786-787, 1996.
[9]  Haan, D. M.; Batzer, S. A.; Olson, W. W. and Sutherland, J. W., An experimental study of cutting fluid effects in drilling, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 71 (2), 305-313, 1997.
[10]  Lawal, S..A., Choudhury, I.A., Y. Nukman, Y., “Application of vegetable oil-based metalworking fluids in machining ferrous metals –A review”, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 52, 1- 12, 2012.
[11]  Lawal S.A, Choudhury, I.A., Nukman Y., “Evaluation of vegetable and mineral oil-in-water emulsion cutting fluids in turning AISI 4340 steel with coated carbide tools” Journal of Cleaner Production, 66, 610 - 618 (2014).
[12]  Amos-Tautua, Bamidele Martin W. and Onigbinde, Adebayo O., Physicochemical Properties and Fatty Acid Profiles of Crude Oil Extracts from Three Vegetable Seeds, Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 12 (7): 647-650, 2013.
[13]  Sangeetha M. Rajendran S., Muthumegala T., Krishnaveni A. Green corrosion inhibitors- an overview, Zastita Materijala 52 (2011), broj 1.
[14]  Lawal S.A., Abolarin M.S, Ugheoke B.I & Onche E.O, Performance Evaluation of Cutting Fluids Developed from Fixed Oils, Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices & Technologies, 137-144, 2007.