American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2333-4665 ISSN (Online): 2333-4673 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmse Editor-in-chief: Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
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American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. 2014, 2(4), 62-67
DOI: 10.12691/ajmse-2-4-3
Open AccessReview Article

Synthesis of Chitosan-graft-Polyaniline-Based Composites

S.R. Khairkar1, and A.R. Raut1

1Department of Chemistry, Govt. Institute of Science & Humanities Amravati, India

Pub. Date: October 17, 2014

Cite this paper:
S.R. Khairkar and A.R. Raut. Synthesis of Chitosan-graft-Polyaniline-Based Composites. American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. 2014; 2(4):62-67. doi: 10.12691/ajmse-2-4-3

Abstract

Chitosan was grafted with polyaniline through oxidative-radical copolymerization using ammonium persulfate in acidic medium. The grafting conditions were extensively studied by varying grafting parameters. All the findings have been discussed and proposed a plausible mechanism for the graft copolymerization. The representative chitosan-graft-polyaniline (Ch-g-PANI) was characterized using UV-VIS, FTIR, DSC, XRD and Scanning electron microscopy taking chitosan as reference. Ch-g-PANI exhibited electrical conductivity, which increases with the extent of grafting onto chitosan backbone. The application of conducting biomaterial such as Ch-g- PANI in the electronic devices especially for the fabrication of sensor devices would be attractive not only in terms of product cost and environmental safety but also from a materials science point of view.

Keywords:
Biopolymers Biocomposites material testing thermal properties industrial applications

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