American Journal of Medicine Studies
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American Journal of Medicine Studies. 2014, 2(2), 34-37
DOI: 10.12691/ajms-2-2-2
Open AccessReview Article

Effect of Anti-Thyroperoxidase on Thyroid Gland and Breast Tissue: A Comprehensive Review

Sabitha Kandi1, , Venkata Bharatkumar Pinnelli2, Pragna Rao3 and K V Ramana4

1Department of Bio-chemistry, Chalmeda Anandarao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, India

2Department of Bio-chemistry, Vaidehi Institute of Medical Sciences, and Research Centre, Bangalore, India

3Department of Bio-chemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Universiy, Manipal, India

4Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, India

Pub. Date: April 27, 2014

Cite this paper:
Sabitha Kandi, Venkata Bharatkumar Pinnelli, Pragna Rao and K V Ramana. Effect of Anti-Thyroperoxidase on Thyroid Gland and Breast Tissue: A Comprehensive Review. American Journal of Medicine Studies. 2014; 2(2):34-37. doi: 10.12691/ajms-2-2-2

Abstract

Relationship between thyroid disease and breast tissue has long been debated as both the tissues have same embryological origin. Recent studies have implicated the possible role of thyroid dysfunction in the development and progression of breast related disorders. In view of increased prevalence of hypo and hyper thyroidism globally, there is a possibility of hormonal imbalance which may contribute to the initiation of tumor growth. Current literature has confirmed the role of sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) gene expression in breast cancers. Elevated anti-thyroperoxidase enzyme has been associated with increased risk of breast cancer. Activity of thyroid gland in post menopausal women, role of iodide levels and its relation to breast tissue and development of breast cancer needs extensive evaluation. In this comprehensive review we describe the role of NIS in thyroid gland functioning, thyroid hormone signaling mechanism.

Keywords:
thyroid peroxidase (TPO) sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) thyroid disease breast disease

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