American Journal of Medicine Studies
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American Journal of Medicine Studies. 2020, 8(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/ajms-8-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Hypertension in Glaucoma Patients Attending Eye Clinics in Two Teaching Hospitals in Enugu State Nigeria: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Alpha Madu1, , Omumuawuike Ebi2, Emmanuel Ihekweazu3 and Valerie Chizelum Okosi4

1Department of Medicine, Kettering General Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom

2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

3Clinical Services Department, Planned Parenthood of Southern New England, New Haven, United States of America

4Department of Pediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: April 04, 2020

Cite this paper:
Alpha Madu, Omumuawuike Ebi, Emmanuel Ihekweazu and Valerie Chizelum Okosi. Prevalence of Hypertension in Glaucoma Patients Attending Eye Clinics in Two Teaching Hospitals in Enugu State Nigeria: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study. American Journal of Medicine Studies. 2020; 8(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ajms-8-1-1

Abstract

Background: Glaucoma and hypertension are chronic debilitating illnesses with serious complications. Glaucoma is the commonest cause of irreversible blindness worldwide while hypertension is the commonest cause of cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality including sudden death. Very few papers have studied the association between these diseases in Nigeria. None of them however has been conducted in the South-Eastern part of the country. Objectives: The aim of this paper was to study the prevalence of hypertension in Glaucoma patients attending eye clinics in two tertiary hospitals in Enugu state, South-East Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among glaucoma patients attending follow-up eye-clinics in two tertiary hospitals in Enugu state, Nigeria over a one-month period. Their blood pressures were measured using an automated blood pressure machine. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90mmHg according to the British Hypertension Society classification of Hypertension. Results: 254 patients participated in the survey; 124 were males and 130 were females. Most participants, 91.7%, were aged 41 and above. More than three-quarters were educated up to at least primary school level. The prevalence of hypertension among the participants was 54.8%. Conclusion: We have described a simple prevalence of hypertension in glaucoma patients where slightly above half of the respondents were found to have elevated blood pressures at the time of questioning. Other studies have demonstrated a positive association between hypertension and glaucoma.

Keywords:
prevalence hypertension glaucoma blood pressure blindness Nigeria

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