American Journal of Microbiological Research
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American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2018, 6(2), 42-46
DOI: 10.12691/ajmr-6-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Voluntary Blood Donation - Knowledge, Attitude and Practice amongst Students of Medical Schools Located in the Caribbean

Samira AW1, Samith Ahmed2, , Jessica Poirier3, Desmond Okeke3, Justice Chima3, Veronica Bamisaye3 and Melody Johnson3

1Department of Microbiology, All Saints University School of Medicine, Hillsborough St, Roseau, Dominica

2Department of Pathology, All Saints University School of Medicine, Hillsborough St, Roseau, Dominica

3Medical Students, All Saints University School of Medicine, Hillsborough St, Roseau, Dominica

Pub. Date: March 15, 2018

Cite this paper:
Samira AW, Samith Ahmed, Jessica Poirier, Desmond Okeke, Justice Chima, Veronica Bamisaye and Melody Johnson. Voluntary Blood Donation - Knowledge, Attitude and Practice amongst Students of Medical Schools Located in the Caribbean. American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2018; 6(2):42-46. doi: 10.12691/ajmr-6-2-2

Abstract

Background: Blood donation is one of the major concerns in the modern day society, as donated blood is lifesaving for the individuals who require it. In developing countries, the concept of voluntary blood donors is almost non-existent due to the near absence of blood donor motivation and educational programmes. The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice about blood donation among medical students in two Medical schools of the Caribbean. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in private medical colleges in Dominica and St.Vincent & the Grenadines between November to December 2017. A total of 208 medical students were interviewed with the help of structured questionnaire and data analysis was performed. Results: The majority of participants had appropriate knowledge regarding the various aspects of blood donation. Attitude showed that around 92% of students were positive about blood donation. Around 81% of students showed willingness to donate blood. Conclusion: Even with an adequate knowledge about blood donation, a majority of medical students have not donated blood before. Active awareness sessions on blood donation should be organized and opportunities for blood donation should be created for the students, to ensure good quality of blood and safe modern medical care.

Keywords:
Voluntary blood donation Caribbean medical students

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