American Journal of Microbiological Research
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American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2017, 5(1), 7-14
DOI: 10.12691/ajmr-5-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Antagonistic Fungi, Soil Amendment and Soil Solarization as an Integrated Tactics for Controlling Fusarium Root Rot of Lupine (Lupinus termis)

Mohsen E. Ibrahim1, and Ahmed E. M. Abdelaziz2

1Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Said, Port Said, Egypt

2Department of Biological sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Pub. Date: March 22, 2017

Cite this paper:
Mohsen E. Ibrahim and Ahmed E. M. Abdelaziz. Antagonistic Fungi, Soil Amendment and Soil Solarization as an Integrated Tactics for Controlling Fusarium Root Rot of Lupine (Lupinus termis). American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2017; 5(1):7-14. doi: 10.12691/ajmr-5-1-2

Abstract

The efficient control of soil-borne pathogens while avoiding environmental hazards and degradation of natural resources is the paramount challenge in crop protection sciences. Lupinus termis (lupine) is a fabaceous crop grown in Egypt for food, medical and industrial uses. The management of Fusarium root rot pathogens, which are responsible for serious losses on a number of economically important crops, including lupine, is being investigated. This study aimed to control Fusarium lupine root rot, under field conditions with no or low environmental impact; by using different control measures such as: antagonistic fungi, soil amendment and solarization singly or as an integrated disease management strategy. The integration of pest management methods is not only merely worthy, but also the more powerful practical solution for controlling soil-borne pests. Results showed that the solarized treated soil as well as the fungal antagonists, as single treatment methods in controlling Fusarium root rot revealed 80% and 81% healthy plants compared with their control that showed only 41%. Integrating soil solarization with mixed fungal inocula and soil organic amendment have been improving efficacy of controlling of lupine-fusarium-root rot by increasing the percentage number of healthy plants from 81 %, 79 % in treated unsolarized soil to 86 %, 82 % respectively in treated solarized soil. Using tactics such as solarization antagonistic fungi, and organic amendment as an integrated method, proved to be efficient for controlling the Fusarium root rot pathogen in Lupinus termis.

Keywords:
Lupinus termis Fusarium root rot solarization soil amendment biocontrol agent

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