American Journal of Microbiological Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4129 ISSN (Online): 2328-4137 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2019, 7(4), 102-107
DOI: 10.12691/ajmr-7-4-1
Open AccessArticle

Bacterial Isolates from Wound Infections and Their Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern in Kassala Teaching hospital, Sudan

Jamal Bayed S.1, and Mohammed Issa A2

1Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and health Sciences, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan

2Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan

Pub. Date: September 25, 2019

Cite this paper:
Jamal Bayed S. and Mohammed Issa A. Bacterial Isolates from Wound Infections and Their Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern in Kassala Teaching hospital, Sudan. American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2019; 7(4):102-107. doi: 10.12691/ajmr-7-4-1


BACKGROUND: Wound infections are usually caused by the patient’s normal flora or by bacteria from the environment or the skin of hospital staff and surgical wound infection which consider as most important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide The commonest organism of Gram positive is Staphylococcus aureus, Gram negative bacteria which include E. coli, Proteus spp. Klebsiclla spp. and Ps. Aerogenosa. [1]. OBJECTIVES: Isolation and identification of bacteria from wounds and burns infection and antibiotic susceptibility of the isolated bacteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 756 wound swabs were collected from different infected wounds from the outpatient and inpatients admitted in the ward of surgery of Kassala teaching hospital were included in this study. All the swab and pus samples collected were tested for the direct microscopy, culture, biochemical reaction and antibiotic susceptibility tests was applied for all isolated bacteria. Analytical profile index (API system) plus conventional techniques were used in identification of bacterial isolates. The McFarland 0.5 standard was used to adjust the turbidity of the inoculum for the susceptibility test. Antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates was assessed by Modified Kirby Baur disc diffusion technique. RESULTS: During this period of study (756) samples were collected from different infected wounds from Kassala teaching hospital. (76.7%) were male and (23.3%) were female. Types of wounds observed from seven hundred and fifty six (756) patients were of two groups either non-operative/primary wound (82%) and post operative infection (18%). Positive growth was observed in 92.6% (700) of wound cultures and no bacterial isolates were obtained in 7.4 %( 76). From the culture materials Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequently isolated microorganism 30% followed by Staphylococcus epidermids 19%, Escherichia coli (18 %) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12%) Klebsiella pneumoniae (8%) Proteus mirabilis (7%) and Streptococcus pyogenes (6%). Antibiotic disc were exposed to 385 Gram positive isolates 239 (62%) were resistant and 146(38%) were susceptible, (210) Staphylococcus aureus of which 81(38.6%) were susceptible and 129(61.4%) were resistant, (133) Staph. epidermidis of which 51(38.3%) were susceptible and 82 (61.7%) were resistant and (42) Streptococcs pyogeneus 14 (33.3%) susceptible and 28(66.7%) resistant and 223 out of 315 Gram negative isolates (70.8%) were resistant and 92 (29.2%) were susceptible Antibiotic susceptibilities for (126) E. cooli shows 53(42%) susceptible and 73(58%) resistant, (84) Pseudomonas shows 14 (16.7%) susceptible and 70(83.3%) resistant, (56) Klebsiella shows 23 (41%) susceptible and 33 (59%) resistant, and (49) Proteou shows 45 (92%) resistant and 4(8%) susceptible. CONCLUSION: Microbiological analysis of the wound specimen and their antibiotic susceptibility testing are recommended that will guide medical practitioners for empirical treatment of wound infection, so as to reduce the spread of resistant bacteria.

wound infection antibiotic susceptibility

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Mordi, R.M. and M.I. Momoh. 2009. Incidence of Proteus species in wound infections and their sensitivity pattern in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 8(5): 725-730.
[2]  Hemant Singhal. (2006). Wounds infection-surigical site infection (SSI) MD, MBBS, FRCSEd, FRCS, FRCSC, Senior Lecturer, Department of Surgery, Imperial College School of Medicine, UK; Consulting Surgeon, Northwick Park and St Marks Hospitals, UK 2006.
[3]  P. Chakraborti, First Edition, (1998). Antimicrobial Therapy in A text book of microbiology publisher: New central book agency, Calcutta-India, 11:79-82.
[4]  Sanjay, K.R., M.N.N. Prasad and G.S. Vijaykumar. 2010. A study on isolation and detection of drug resistance gram negative bacilli with special importance to postoperative wound infection. J. Microbiol.Antimicrob. 2(6): 68-75.
[5]  Monica cheesbrough (2000). Examination of pus, ulcer material and skin specimens in (Laboratory practice in tropical countries – part II).
[6]  EL- Mishad, A. (1987). Antibiotic sensitivity tests, (in text book of medical microbiology), Cairo- Egypt, 9: 38-40.
[7]  Abdalla O. A. Ahmed, Alex van Belkum, Ahmed H. Fahal, A. E. Abu Elnor, El Sir A. M. Abougroun, Marjolein F. Q. VandenBergh, Ed E. Zijlstra, and Henri A. Verbrugh. (1998). Nasal Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and Epidemiology of Surgical-Site Infections in a Sudanese University Hospital, J Clin Microbiol. 1998 December; 36(12): 3614-3618.
[8]  Shittu A.O., Kolawole D.O. and Oyedepo E.A.R. (2002). A study of wound infections in two health institutions in ILE-IFE, Nigeria. African journal of biomedical research vol. 5; 97-102.
[9]  Anupurba S, Bhattacharjee A, Garg A, Sen MR (2006): Antimicrobial susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from wound infections. Indian J Dermatol 2006; 51: 286-8.
[10]  Izzell Din M.A. (2003). Infecting organisms and their antibiotic sensitivity in Sudanese war injured patients 5:64. Msc. Thesis - University of juba.