American Journal of Microbiological Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4129 ISSN (Online): 2328-4137 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2019, 7(1), 19-23
DOI: 10.12691/ajmr-7-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Seroprevalence of Salmonella Infection in Commercial Layer Chickens in Cox’s Bazar District, Bangladesh

Abdullah Al Momen Sabuj1, , Mizanur Rahman2, Nanda Barua1, Zobayda Farzana Haque1, Amrita Pondit1, Kamrul Islam3 and Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan4

1Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202

2Department of Medicine and Surgery, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

3School of Pharmacy, Health and Behavioural Sciences, The University of Queensland (UQ), Brisbane, Australia

4Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

Pub. Date: January 24, 2019

Cite this paper:
Abdullah Al Momen Sabuj, Mizanur Rahman, Nanda Barua, Zobayda Farzana Haque, Amrita Pondit, Kamrul Islam and Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan. Seroprevalence of Salmonella Infection in Commercial Layer Chickens in Cox’s Bazar District, Bangladesh. American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2019; 7(1):19-23. doi: 10.12691/ajmr-7-1-3

Abstract

Salmonellosis is a zoonotic disease, usually transmitted from animal to human and vice versa and causes huge economic losses in poultry industry of Bangladesh. This study was aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of Salmonella infection in commercial layer farms of Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh, during the period from February to April, 2016. A total of 200 blood samples were collected from 20 farms of 4 randomly selected upazillas of Cox’s Bazar considering the age groups, and flock sizes. Rapid serum plate agglutination test was done and 42% chickens were found positive for Salmonella infection. With respect to age groups, the seroprevalence was higher (68%) in adults compared to young (20%) chickens. However, the seroprevalence of Salmonella infection was recorded remarkably (54.28%) in large flocks compared to small flocks. In conclusion, we can say that, Salmonella infection is prevalent in the commercial layer chickens of Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh. Appropriate measures and strategies should be taken for successful prevention and control of this disease in Bangladesh.

Keywords:
commercial layer Salmonella seroprevalence age flock-size

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Raha, S.K., Poultry industry in Bangladesh: ample opportunities for improvement. Inproceedings of the seminar, 8th international Poultry Show and Seminar. World’s Poultry Science Association, Bangladesh Branch p. 3-19, 2013.
 
[2]  Das, P.M., Rajib, D.M., NOOR, M., Islam, M.R., A retrospective analysis on the proportional incidence of poultry diseases in greater Mymensingh district of Bangladesh. In Proceedings of Seminar p. 33, 2005.
 
[3]  Haider, M.G., Chowdhury, E.H., Sharif, S.M., Hossain, M.M., Pathogenesis of Pullorum Disease (PD) in Chickens by Local Isolate of Salmonella pullorum in Bangladesh. SAARC Journal of Agriculture 11(2):1-6, 2013.
 
[4]  Hossain, M.S., Chowdhury, E.H., Islam, M.M., Haider, M.G., Hossain, M.M., Avian salmonella infection: isolation and identification of organisms and histopathoogical study. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 4(1): 7-12, 2006.
 
[5]  Feberwee, A., De Vries, T.S., Hartman, E.,G, De Wit, J.J., Elbers, A.R., De Jong, W.A., Vaccination against Salmonella enteritidis in Dutch commercial layer flocks with a vaccine based on a live Salmonella gallinarum 9R strain: evaluation of efficacy, safety, and performance of serologic Salmonella tests. Avian diseases 45(1): 83-91, 2001.
 
[6]  Sikder, A.J., Islam, M.A., Rahman, M.M., Rahman, M.B., Seroprevalence of Salmonella and Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in the six model breeder poultry farms at Patuakhali district in Bangladesh. International Journal of Poultry Science 4(11): 905-910, 2005.
 
[7]  Islam, M.M., Haider, M.G., Chowdhury, E.H., Kamruzzaman, M., Hossain, M.M., Seroprevalence and pathological study of Salmonella infections in layer chickens and isolation and identification of causal agents. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 4(2): 79-85, 2006.
 
[8]  Hossain, K.M., Hossain, M.T., Yamato, I., Seroprevalence of Salmonella and Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in chickens in Rajshahi and surrounding districts of Bangladesh. International Journal of Biology 2(2): 74, 2010.
 
[9]  Selvam, A., Gunaseelan, L., Senthilkumar, K., Sekar, M., Assessment of carrier status of Salmonella Pullorum and Gallinarum Infection in Healthy Flocks. Tamilnadu Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 6(2): 99-101, 2010.
 
[10]  Proux, K., Humbert, F., Jouy, E., Houdayer, C., Lalande, F., Oger, A., Salvat, G., Improvements required for the detection of Salmonella Pullorum and Gallinarum. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research 66(3): 151-157, 2002.
 
[11]  OIE. Office International des Epizooties, Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines. Rabies, 5th ed. Office International des Epizooties, Paris, 2004.
 
[12]  Kindu, A., Addis, M., A survey on Salmonella infection among chicken flocks in Jimma town, Ethiopia. African Journal of Microbiology Research 7(14): 1239-1245, 2013.
 
[13]  Bhatiacharya, A., Majumder, P., Fowl typhoid outbreak in broiler chick flocks in Tripura and its control. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 71(11): 1034-1035, 2001.
 
[14]  Alam, J., Koike, I., Giasuddin, M., Rahman, M.M., Seroprevalence of poultry diseases in native chickens in Bangladesh. In 9th Annual Scientific Conference of the Bangladesh Society for Veterinary Education and Research p. 6-7, 2003.
 
[15]  Akter, M.R., Choudhury, K.A., Rahman, M.M., Islam, M.S., Seroprevalence of salmonellosis in layer chickens with isolation, identification and antibiogram study of their causal agents. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 5(1): 39-42, 2007.
 
[16]  Barua, H., Biswas, P.K., Olsen, K.E., Christensen, J.P., Prevalence and characterization of motile Salmonella in commercial layer poultry farms in Bangladesh. PloS one 7(4): e35914, 2012.
 
[17]  Nath, S.K., Akter, S., Dutta, A., Sen, A.B., Chakrabarty, R., Gupta, M.D., Prevalence and Antibiogram of Salmonella in Hisex Brown Strain at Commercial Poultry Farm in Chittagong. International Journal of Current Research in Biology and Medicine 2(3): 14-9, 2015.
 
[18]  Habib-ur-Rehman, S., Khan, H., Khan, S., Ahmad, N., Bhatti, W.M., Incidence and gross pathology of salmonellosis in chicken in Hyderabad. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 3(3): 175-178, 2003.
 
[19]  Ashenafi, H., Shetu, Y., Oldemeskel, M., Identification of major infections of local chickens of Central Ethiopia. Bulletin of Animal health and Production in Africa 51(2): 95-101, 2003.
 
[20]  Sundar, J., Rai, R.B., Kundu, A., Senani, S., Chatterjee, R.N., Jeyakumar, S., Seroprevalence of poultry diseases in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indian Veterinary Journal. 84(1): 95-6, 2007.
 
[21]  Jalil, M.A., Islam, M.T., Serological survey of Salmonella infection in non-vaccinated commercial layer birds in Khulna District of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 9(1): 27-31, 2011.
 
[22]  Ahmed, A.K.M., Islam, M.T., Haider, M.G., Hossain, M.M., Seroprevalence and pathology of naturally infected Salmonellosis in poultry with isolation and identification of causal agents. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University. 6(2): 327-334, 2008.
 
[23]  Rahman, M.R., Shahinuzzaman, A.B., Saha, A.K., Sufian, M.A., Rahman, M.H., Hossain., M.M., Prevalence of Salmonella infection in naturally infected layer of birds in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Veterinarian 28(1): 8-18, 2011.
 
[24]  Skov, M.N., Angen, O., Chriel, M., Olsen, JE., Bisgaard, M., Risk factors associated with Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium infection in Danish broiler flocks. Poultry Science 78(6): 848-54, 1999.
 
[25]  Mdegela, R.H., Yongolo, M.G., Minga UM, Olsen JE. Molecular epidemiology of Salmonella gallinarum in chickens in Tanzania. Avian Pathology 29(5): 457-463, 2000.
 
[26]  Salihu, A.E., Onwuliri, F.C., Mawak, J.D., Kalshingi, H.A., Hassan, D.I., Seroprevalence of salmonella gallinarum infection in free-range chickens reared in Nasarawa state, Nigeria. Egyptian Poultry Science Journal 34(3): 665-680, 2014.