American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy
ISSN (Print): 2376-7952 ISSN (Online): 2376-7960 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmm Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy. 2017, 4(1), 62-67
DOI: 10.12691/ajmm-4-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Prototype Model for Fire Safety System in Underground Mining

Vancho Adjiski1, , Zoran Despodov1 and Dalibor Serafimovski2

1Faculty of Natural and Technical Sciences, Mining Engineering, “Goce Delchev” University, 2000 Shtip, Macedonia

2Faculty of Computer Science, “Goce Delchev” University, 2000 Shtip, Macedonia

Pub. Date: December 29, 2017

Cite this paper:
Vancho Adjiski, Zoran Despodov and Dalibor Serafimovski. Prototype Model for Fire Safety System in Underground Mining. American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy. 2017; 4(1):62-67. doi: 10.12691/ajmm-4-1-6

Abstract

As underground mines become deeper and larger with wide specifications it creates a diverse environment with multiple variables that make fire disasters difficult to manage. Therefore, developing an integrated fire safety system is of crucial importance in order to effectively deal with fire disasters and protect the life of every worker. The proposed prototype system in this study uses available technology that can integrate information about fire risk assessment, fire detection, safety situation awareness, and effective system for evacuation displayed on smartphone device to create an intelligent and two-way fire safety system. The proposed system uses sensors, detectors, smartphones, Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, application gateways, and application program interfaces for solving the problems of building the effective fire safety system. Two-way communication and 3D visualization with evacuation guidance are other possible functions of the proposed system for fire safety. Developing and implementing this prototype fire safety system can effectively provide information about fire risks, fire safety, fire detection, alarm responses, optimal evacuation routes, 3D visualization and simulation of evacuation routes, arrow and voice evacuation guidance from smartphone device and overall building fire safety with disaster response capabilities for every underground mine.

Keywords:
underground mines fire detection alarm evacuation system

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 8

References:

[1]  Conti, R.S., Chasko, L.L. and Stowinsky, L.D., “Mine Rescue Training Simulations and Technology”, in Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Conference of the International Emergency Management Society, 1-12.
 
[2]  Jo, B.W. and Khan, R.M.A., “An Event Reporting and Early-Warning Safety System Based on the Internet of Things for Underground Coal Mines: A Case Study”, Applied Sciences, 7 (9). 925-950. 2017.
 
[3]  Clif, D. and Grieves, J., “Improving emergency management in underground coal mines”, in 10th Underground Coal Operators' Conference, University of Wollongong & the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 281-287.
 
[4]  Hu, S., Tang, C., Yu, R., Liu, F. and Wang, X., “Intelligent coal mine monitoring system based on the Internet of Things”, in 3rd International Conference on Consumer Electronics, Communications and Networks, 380-384.
 
[5]  Bhattacharjee, S., Roy, P., Ghosh, S., Misra, S. and Obaidat, M., “Wireless sensor network-based fire detection, alarming, monitoring and prevention system for Bord-and-Pillar coal mines”, Journal of Systems and Software, 85 (2). 571-581. 2012.
 
[6]  Moridi, M.A., Kawamura, Y., Sharifzadeh, M., Chanda, E.K., Wagner, M. and Jang. H, “Development of underground mine monitoring and communication system integrated ZigBee and GIS”, International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 25 (5). 811-818. 2015.
 
[7]  Bandyopadhyay, L.K., Chaulya, S.K., Mishra, P.K., Choure, A. and Baveja, B.M. “Real Time Tracking and Sensing Systems for Improved Safety and Security in Mines”, Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 68. 107-117. 2009.
 
[8]  Somov, A., Baranov, A. and Spirjakin, D., “A wireless sensor-actuator system for hazardous gases detection and control”, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 210. 157-164. 2014.
 
[9]  Sun, E., Zhang, X. and Li, Z., “The internet of things (IOT) and cloud computing (CC) based tailings dam monitoring and pre-alarm system in mines”, Safety Science, 50 (4). 811-815. 2012.
 
[10]  Zhang, Y., Yang, W., Han, D. and Kim, Y., ”An Integrated Environment Monitoring System for Underground Coal Mines-Wireless Sensor Network Subsystem with Multi-Parameter Monitoring”, Sensors, 14. 13149-13170. 2014.
 
[11]  Li, M., and Liu, Y., “Underground coal mine monitoring with wireless sensor networks”, ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks, 5 (2). 10-29. 2009.
 
[12]  Liu, Z., Li, C., Ding, Q., and Wu, D,. “A coal mine personnel global positioning system based on wireless sensor networks”, in 8th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation, 7026-7031.
 
[13]  Adjiski, V., Mirakovski, D., Despodov, Z. and Mijalkovski S., “Simulation and optimization of evacuation routes in case of fire in underground mines”, Journal of Sustainable Mining, 14 (3). 133-143. 2015.
 
[14]  Aniss, H., Tardif, P.M., Ouedraogo, R. and Fortier, P., “Communications network for underground mines based on the IEEE 802.11 and DOCSIS standards”, in IEEE 60th Vehicular Technology Conference, 5. 3605-3609.
 
[15]  Kent, D., “Digital Networks and Applications in Underground Coal Mines”, 11th Underground Coal Operators' Conference, University of Wollongong & the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 181-188.
 
[16]  Dohare, Y.S., Maity, T., Das, P.S. and Paul, P.S., “Wireless communication and environment monitoring in underground coal mines-Review”, IETE Technical Review, 32 (2). 140-150. 2015.
 
[17]  Xin, J. and Huang, C., “Fire risk analysis of residential buildings based on scenario clusters and its application in fire risk management”, Fire Safety Journal, 62 (A). 72-78. 2013.
 
[18]  Barro-Torres, S., Fernandez-Carames, T., Perez-Iglesias, H. and Escudero, C., “Real-time personal protective equipment monitoring system”, Computer Communications, 36. 42-50. 2012.
 
[19]  Witt, J., Schukar, M., Krebber, K., Pažoutová, H., Demuth, J. and Santostefano, N., “Personal protective equipment with integrated POF sensors”, in Fifth European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors, 121-132.
 
[20]  Qandour, A., Habibi, D. and Ahmad, I., “Applied application of sensor networks in underground mines”, in Proceedings of 2012 9th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, 256-260.
 
[21]  Hansen, R., “Fire behavior of mining vehicles in underground hard rock mines”, International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, 27. 627-34. 2017.
 
[22]  Willstrand, O., Karlsson, P. and Brandt, J., “Fire detection & fire alarm systems in heavy duty vehicles”, WP1 - Survey of fire detection in vehicles, 3-60. 2015.
 
[23]  Fine, G.F., Cavanagh, L.M., Afonja, A. and Binions, R., “Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor Gas Sensors in Environmental Monitoring”, Sensors, 10. 5469-5502. 2010.
 
[24]  Cheng, M.Y., Chiu, K.C., Hsieh, Y.M., Yang, I.T., Chou, J.S. and Wu, Y.W., “BIM integrated smart monitoring technique for building fire prevention and disaster relief”, Automation in Construction, 84. 14-30. 2017.
 
[25]  Misra, P., Kanhere, S., Ostry, D. and Jha, S,. “Safety assurance and rescue communication systems in high-stress environments: A mining case study”, IEEE Communications Magazine, 48 (4). 66-73. 2010.
 
[26]  Jafarian, M. and Jaseemuddin, M,. “Routing of Emergency Data in a Wireless Sensor Network for Mines”, in IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2813-2818. 2018.
 
[27]  Maryam, H. and Kamran, M., “A Survey on Smartphones Systems for Emergency Management (SPSEM)”, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 7. 301-11. 2016.