American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy
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American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy. 2015, 3(2), 54-57
DOI: 10.12691/ajmm-3-2-3
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Cut-off Grade and Hauling Cost Varying with Benches in Open Pit Mining

Siwei He1, , Xianli Xiang2 and Gun Huang2

1CAMCE Mining and Tunneling, Lougheed Hwy, Burnaby, Canada

2Guizhou University of Engineering Science, Bijie, Guizhou, China

Pub. Date: November 23, 2015

Cite this paper:
Siwei He, Xianli Xiang and Gun Huang. Cut-off Grade and Hauling Cost Varying with Benches in Open Pit Mining. American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy. 2015; 3(2):54-57. doi: 10.12691/ajmm-3-2-3


One of the most challenging problems geologist and engineer encountering in open pit mining is how much ore at benches can be extracted and sent to mill at the same time. Cutoff grade is playing an important role in solving this problem. The author, in this paper, presented a hauling cost-bench model, which directly impact cutoff grade. The cost model indicates that hauling cost, increasing with bench depth, largely depends upon the dynamic stripping ratio, representing the fundamental nature of resource and economic requirements of mineable ore at benches. The overall ore grade at benches is calculated according to operating cost model provided, while cutoff grade is found using trial-and-error technique based on resource model of a deposit. An example representing cut-off grade-bench curve is given, illustrating what relationship among cutoff grade, average grade and tonnage at benches and how much ore can be extracted and sent from these bench to mill. The example also shows how a way is found to mine out low-grade ore from one bench in a desired cut-off grade for an expected profit of the company. The cutoff grade vs. bench curve is a simple but useful tool for engineers to facilitate sound decision on how much ore tonnage at benches can be extracted and sent to mill at a time.

cutoff grade bench average grade expected profit ore tonnage stripping ratio

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