American Journal of Mechanical Engineering:

Home » Journal » AJME » Archive » Volume 2, Issue 1

Article

Performance of Airlift Pumps: Single-Stage vs. Multistage Air Injection

1Mechanical Engineering Department, Taif University, Al-huwayah, KSA

2Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Menoufiya University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt


American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014, 2(1), 28-33
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-5
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
A-F. Mahrous. Performance of Airlift Pumps: Single-Stage vs. Multistage Air Injection. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014; 2(1):28-33. doi: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-5.

Correspondence to: A-F.  Mahrous, Mechanical Engineering Department, Taif University, Al-huwayah, KSA. Email: afmahrous@hotmail.co.uk

Abstract

Airlift pumps provide reliable means of artificially lifting of liquids or liquid-solid mixtures from deep wells or vessels. This paper presents a numerical investigation into the effects of air injection strategy, single-stage vs. multistage air injection, on the airlift pump performance. A numerical model of airlift pump, based on the concept of momentum balance, was developed and validated against available experimental data. Predictive studies on model airlift pump with different arrangements of injected compressed air were numerically carried out. Numerical results showed that applying the commonly used single-stage air injection causes a steep change in the pump output-input characteristic curve followed by a fast decay after the optimum point. Injecting the compressed air in a number of air injection stages, on the other hand, was shown to increase the range of bubbly-slug flow regime as well as the pump operating window close to the optimum conditions. Improvement in the pump performance at higher degrees of air input mass flow rates is expected when employing multistage air injection.

Keywords

References

[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[
[[1]  Parker, G.J., The effect of foot piece design on the performance of a small diameter airlift pump. Int. J. Heat and Fluid Flow, 1980. 2(4): p. 245-252.
 
[[2]  “Composites test fixtures, Iosipescu shear, ASTM D 5379”. Instron. [online] Available: http://www.instron.com.
 
[[3]  Leeuwen, D., A. et al., “Comparison of static shear test methodologies, test results and analysis”[online] Available: http://www.upwind.eu/pdf/shear%20comp.arison%20-%20paper%20wind%20energy%20conference%20china.pdf.
 
[[4]  Mansour, H. and M.F. Khalil, Effect of air injection method on the performance of airlift pump. Mansoura Eng. J., 1990. 15(2): p. 107-118.
 
[[5]  Khalil, M.F., Elshorbagy, K. A., Kassab, S. Z. and Fahmy, R. I., Effect of air injection method on the performance of an airlift pump. Int. J. Heat and Fluid Flow, 1999. 20: p. 598-604.
 
Show More References
[6]  WYOMING TEST FIXTURES INC. [online] Available: http://www.wyomingtestfixtures.com/products.html>.
 
[7]  Chakherlou, T. N., Maleki, H. N., Abazadeh, B., Aghdam, A. B. Investigating bolt clamping force effect on the mixed mode fracture strenght and stress intensity factor for an edge in PMMA specimens. Elsevier, Material Science and Engineering: A,533, s. 71-81, 2012.
 
[8]  Khalil, M.F. and H. Mansour, Improvement of the performance of an airlift pump by means of surfactants. Mansoura Eng. J., 1990. 15(2): p. 119-129.
 
[9]  Mahrous, A.-F., Numerical Study of Solid Particles-Based Airlift Pump Performance. WSEAS Transactions on Applied and Theoretical Mechanics, 2012. 7(3): p. 221-230.
 
[10]  Fagerholt, E., Dorum, C., Borvik, T., Laukli, H. I., Hooperstad, O. S.: Experimental and numerical investigation of fracture in a cast aluminium alloy. Elsevier, International Journal of Solids and Structures, s. 3352-3365, 2010.
 
[11]  Hasanpour, R., Choupani, N., “Rock fracture characterization using the modified Arcan test specimen”. Elsevier, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Volume 46, 2009, s. 346-354.
 
[12]  Mahrous, A.-F., Performance Study of an Airlift Pump with Bent Riser Tube. WSEAS Transactions on Applied and Theoretical Mechanics, 2013. 8(2): p. 136-145.
 
[13]  Mahrous, A.-F., Airlift Pump with a Gradually Enlarged Segment in the Riser Tube. ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, 2013. 135(3): p. 031301.
 
[14]  Pucillo, G. P., Grasso, M., Penta, F., Pinto, P., “On the mechanical characterization of materials by Arcan-type specimens” Science Direct, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Volume 78, s. 1729-1741. 2011.
 
[15]  Dantec Dynamics, “Fast Stress and Strain Analysis with Q-100” [online] Available: http://www.dantecdynamics.com/.
 
[16]  Shimizu, Y., Tojo, C., Suzuki, M., Takagaki, Y. and Saito, T., A study on the air-lift pumping system for manganese nodule mining, in Proc. of the 2nd International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference. 1992: San Francisco, USA. p. 490-497.
 
[17]  Reinemann, D.J. and M.B. Timmons, Predicting oxygen transfer and total dissolved gas pressure in airlift pumping. Aquacultural Engineering, 1989. 8: p. 29-46.
 
[18]  Trebuňa, F., Šimčák, F.,Príručka experimentálnej mechaniky, Košice: Typopress, 2007. 1525 s.
 
[19]  Tiziani, H., J, “Kohärent-optische Verfahren in der Oberflächenmeβtechnik”.Universität Stuttgart. Technisches Messen, 1991. cit. 2012-11-3]. [Online] Available: http://elib.uni-stuttga rt.de/o pus/volltexte/ 2011/6148/pdf/tiz93.pdf.
 
[20]  Nenes, A., Assimacopoulos, D., Markatos, N. and Mitsoulis, E., Simulation of airlift pumps for deep water wells. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 1996. 74: p. 448-456.
 
[21]  Dedegil, M.Y., Principles of airlift techniques, in Encyclopedia of Fluid Mechanics, N.P. Chereimisinoff, Editor. 1986, Gulf, Houston, TX. p. Chapter 12.
 
[22]  Clauss, G.F., Investigation of characteristic data of air lifting in ocean mining (Untersuchung der kenngrőben des airlifts beim Einsatz im ozeanbergbau). Erdől-Erdgas-Zeitschrift, 1971. 87: p. 57-66 (In German).
 
[23]  Boës, C., Düring, R. and Wasserroth, E., Airlift as a drive for single and double pipe conveying plants (Airlift als antrieb für einrohr-und doppelrohr-főrderanlagen). főrdern und heben, 1972. 22(7): p. 367-378 (In German).
 
[24]  Yoshinaga, T. and Y. Sato, Performance of an air-lift pump for conveying coarse particles. Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 1996. 22(2): p. 223-238.
 
[25]  Margaris, D.P. and D.G. Papanikas, A generalized gas-liquid-solid three-phase flow analysis for airlift pump design. Trans. of the ASME, J. of Fluids Engineering, 1997. 119: p. 995-1002.
 
[26]  Hatta, N., Fujimoto, H., Isobe, M. and Kang, J., Theoretical analysis of flow characteristics of multiphase mixtures in a vertical Pipe. Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 1998. 24(4): p. 539-561.
 
[27]  Mahrous, A.-F., Performance of airlift pumps, in Mechanical Power Engineering Dept. 2001, Menoufiya University, Egypt.
 
[28]  Weber, M. and Y. Dedegil, Transport of solids according to the air-lift principle, in Proc. 4th International Conf. on the Hydraulic Transport of Solids in Pipes. 1976. p. H1-1 - H1-23.
 
[29]  Yoshinaga, T., Sato, Y. and Sadatomi, M., Characteristics of air-lift pump for conveying solid particles. Jap. J. Multiphase Flow, 1990. 4: p. 174-191 (in Japanese).
 
[30]  Lawniczak, F., Francois, P., Scrivener, O., Kastrinakis, E.G. and Nychas, S.G., The efficiency of short airlift pumps operating at low submergence ratios. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 1999. 77: p. 3-10.
 
[31]  Fujimoto, H., Murakami, S., Omura, A., and Takuda, H., Effect of local pipe bends on pump performance of a small air-lift system in transporting solid particles. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 2004. 25: p. 996-1005.
 
Show Less References

Article

Designing Back Propagation Neural Network for Ship Seakeeping Investigations

1Department of Ocean Engineering, AmirKabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014, 2(1), 21-27
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-4
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Mohsen Khosravi Babadi, Hassan Ghassemi. Designing Back Propagation Neural Network for Ship Seakeeping Investigations. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014; 2(1):21-27. doi: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-4.

Correspondence to: Hassan  Ghassemi, Department of Ocean Engineering, AmirKabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. Email: gasemi@aut.ac.ir

Abstract

In recent years, there has been more attention to predict the behavior of vessel in the sea (sea keeping). The more the speed of vessel increases in the high speed and light vessels, the more calculations are necessary. In this paper, a BP (back propagation) neural network is presented that keeps sea keeping indexes under the categories of input and output of the network. Evaluation is based on a corvette model, and the stability parameter of wave has been evaluated by using MATLAB software. Comparison between the network output values and the expected values represent the amount of error, which is negligible, indicating that assessing the wave’s stability values is possible via using (BP) back propagation neural network.

Keywords

References

[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[
[[1]  A. Sayli, A. Dursun A. and O. Ganiler, “Nonlinear meta- models for conceptual seakeeping design of fishing vessels,” Ocean Engineering, (2010).
 
[[2]  EWINS, D.J., Modal Testing: Theory, Practice and Application, England: Wiley, 2000. Second Edition.
 
[[3]  TREBUŇA, F. – ŠIMČÁK, F.: Príručka experimentálnej mechaniky, SjF TU, Košice, 2007.
 
[[4]  D. Peri, E.F. Campana, “High-fidelity models and multiobjective global optimization algorithms in simulation based design,” J. Ship Research, 49 (3), 159-175, (2005).
 
[[5]  D. Winyall, J. Edwards and A. Brown, “3D Hullform Modeling to Support Naval Ship Design Synthesis and Multi-Objective Optimization,” International Ship Design Conference (ISDC), Glasgow, Scotland, (2012).
 
Show More References
[6]  MEAD, D.: Passive Vibration Control, University of Southampton,UK: Wiley, 2000.
 
[7]  KRÄMER, E.: Dynamics of Rotors and Foundations: Springer – Verlag, 1993.
 
[8]  E. Jahanbakhsh,R. Panahi and M. S., Seif, “Catamaran Motion Simulation Based on Moving Grid Technique,” Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol.17,No.2,pp.128-136, (2009).
 
[9]  E. Sarioz, “Inverse Design of Ship Hullforms for Seakeeping,” Ocean Engineering, vol. 36, pp. 1386-1395,( 2009).
 
[10]  ŽIARAN, S., Kmitanie a akustika. Znižovanie kmitania a hluku v priemysle, STU Bratislava, 2006.
 
[11]  DASCOTTE, E.: Linking FEA with Test. In: Sound and Vibration, April 2004, p. 12-17.
 
[12]  F. Alarrcin,U. Bugra Celebi,S. Ekinci and D. Ünsalan, “Neural Networks Based Analysis of Ship Roll Stabilization,” 3rdInternational Conference on Maritime and Naval Science and Engineering, pp.217-220, (2010).
 
[13]  G. J. Grigoropoulos, “Hull Form Optimization for Hydrodynamic Performance,” Marine Technology, Vols. 41, No.4, pp. 167-182, (2004).
 
[14]  LENGVARSKÝ. P., Štrukturálna a modálna analýza súčiastok z polymérov použivaných v domácich spotrebičoch, Košice, 2013.
 
[15]  ZÁHOREC, O. – CABAN, S., Dynamika, Olymp, Košice, 2002.
 
[16]  G. K. Kapsenberg, “Finding the Hullform for Given Seakeeping Characteristics,” MARIN, Wageningen, the Netherlands; IMAM, (2005).
 
[17]  J. Aranda, R. Munoz, S. D. Canto, J. M. Díaz and D. S. Bencomo, “An Analysis of Modes Identification Methods for High Speed Crafts,” Journal of Maritime Research, vol. 11, pp. 51-67, (2005).
 
[18]  LMS a Siemens Business [online], http://www.lmsintl.com.
 
[19]  J. Hua, J.L., Wu and W.H. Wang, “Effect of Asymmetric Hydrodynamic Impact on the Dynamic Response of a Plate Structure” Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol.8, No.2, pp.71-77, (2000).
 
[20]  J. Journée and L. Adegeest, “Theoretical Manual of Strip Theory Program “SEAWAY for Windows”,” Ship Hydromechanics Laboratory Delft University of Technology, Amarcon, (2003).
 
[21]  M. R. Davis and D. S. Holloway, “The Influence of Hullform on the Motions of High-speed Vessels in Head Seas,” Ocean Engineering, vol. 30, pp. 2091-2115, (2003).
 
[22]  R. Dejhalla, Z. Mrsa and S. Vulkovic, “Application of Genetic Algorithm for Ship Hullform Optimization II,” Ship build Program, vol. 48, pp. 117-133,( 2001).
 
[23]  S. Ozum, B. Sener and H. Yilmaz, “A Parametric Study on Seakeeping Assessment of Fast Ships in Conceptual Design Stage,” Ocean Engineering, vol. 38, pp. 1439-1447, (2011).
 
[24]  T. Cepowski, “Determination of optimum hull form for passenger car ferry with regard to its sea-keeping qualities and additional resistance in waves,” Polish Maritime Research, 2(56) Vol 15, pp. 3-11, (2008).
 
[25]  T. Cepowski, “On the modeling of car passenger ferryship design parameters with respect to selected sea-keeping qualities and additional resistance in waves,” Polish Maritime Research, 3(61) Vol 16, pp. 3-10, (2009).
 
[26]  T. Szelangiewicz and T. Cepowski, “An Approach to Optimization of Ship Design Parameters with Accounting for Seakeeping Ability,” Polish Maritime Research, (2002).
 
[27]  W. J. Pierson and L. A. Moskowitz, “Proposed Spectral Form for Fully Developed Wind Seas Based on the Similarity Theory of S. A. Kitaigorodskii,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 69, pp. 5181-5190, (1964).
 
Show Less References

Article

Failure Probability Assessment for Pipelines under the Corrosion Effect

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria


American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014, 2(1), 15-20
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Mourad Nahal, Rabia Khelif. Failure Probability Assessment for Pipelines under the Corrosion Effect. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014; 2(1):15-20. doi: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-3.

Correspondence to: Mourad  Nahal, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria. Email: mounahal@yahoo.fr

Abstract

In this work, a numerical method was developed, by a reliability mechanical coupling, in order to define the reliability index and probability of failure evolutions for pipelines under corrosion effect. The chosen model, takes into account uniform and localized corrosion. Thus, the hardness and tensile tests were worked out to characterize the mechanical properties of pipelines material. Once the model was defined, a simulation was carried out by the software Phemica. The importance factors were also estimated. A methodology has been presented for the reliability analysis of pipelines subjected to localized corrosion. The variables influencing the reliability are treated as random variables and represented by suitable statistical distributions. An approximate limit state function was developed. Advanced first-order second moment reliability theory was employed for the estimation of the probability of pipeline failure by Phimeca software logiciel. From a numerical investigation, it was found that both defect depth and fluid pressure have significant influences on pipeline reliability.

Keywords

References

[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[
[[1]  M.D. PandeyProbabilistic models for condition assessment of oil and gas pipelines. NDT&E International, Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 349-358, 1998.
 
[[2]  ASTM Standard E837-08.
 
[[3]  Flaman,M.T., Manning,B.H.: Determination of Residual Stress Variation with Depth by the Hole-Drilling Method, Experimental Mechanics, No. 25,1985.
 
[[4]  Cronin Duane S, Pick Roy J. Prediction of the failure pressure for complex corrosion defects. Int J Pressure Vessels Piping 2002; 79: 279-287.
 
[[5]  Ping Hong H. Inspection and maintenance planning of pipeline under external corrosion considering generation of new defects. Struct Saf 1999; 21:203-222.
 
Show More References
[6]  Manning, B. W., Flaman, M. T.: Finite-Element Calculations of Calibration Constans for Determination of Residual Stresses with Depth by the Hole-Drilling Method. Ontario Hydro (Research Division) Report 82-88-K, Toronto, Canada, 1982.
 
[7]  Lu, J.: Handbook of measurement of residual stresses. Society for experimental mechanics, Fairmont press Liburn, GA, 1996, Chapter 2.
 
[8]  Kurt R, Leis B, Cox D, Pan J. Probabilistic analysis of piping systems. The Fourth National Congress on Pressure Vessel and Piping Technology: Random Fatigue Life Prediction. Portland, Oregon 1983.
 
[9]  Muhlbaucer WK. Pipeline risk management manual. In: Idea, techniques and resources. 3rd ed. Elsveier; 2004.
 
[10]  Senko, P.: Verifikácia určovania zvyškových napätí v závislosti na hĺbke odvrtávania. DDP TU v Košiciach, September 2005.
 
[11]  Schajer, G. S.: Application of finite element calculations to residual stress measurements. Journal of engineering materials and technology, Transaction, ASME, 103, April 1981, 157-163.
 
[12]  Han Ping Hong. Inspection and maintenance planning of pipeline under external corrosion considering generation of new defects. Structural Safety 21 (1999) 203-222.
 
[13]  Parkins RN. A review of stress corrosion cracking of high-pressure gas pipelines. In: Corrosion’2000, paper no. 363. Houston: NACE; 2000.
 
[14]  Šarga, P.: Riadenie odvŕtavania a vyhodnocovania zvyškových napätí, DDP TU v Košiciach, September 2005.
 
[15]  Baker M. Stress corrosion cracking studies, integrity management program DTRS56-02-D-70036. Department of Transportation, Office and Pipeline Safety; 2004.
 
[16]  Kiefner, J. F. & Vieth, P. H., PC program speeds new criterion for evaluating corroded pipe, Oil Gas J., 20 (1990) 91-3.
 
[17]  Hopkins, P. & Jones, D. G., A study of the behavior of long and complex-shaped corrosion in transmission pipelines. In Proc. 11th Int. Con5 on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Vol. V, Part A, ASME 1992, pp. 211-17.
 
[18]  Bubenik, T. A., Olson, R. J., Stephens, D. R. & Francini, R. B., Analyzing the pressure strength of corroded pipeline. In Proc. 11th Int. Conf. on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Vol. V, Part A, ASME 1992, pp. 225-31.
 
[19]  Melchers, R. E., Structural Reliability: Analysis and Prediction. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, UK, 1987.
 
[20]  PHIMECA Engineering. PHIMECA—reliability-based design and analysis. User’s manual, version 1.6, Aubière, France; 2002.
 
[21]  G. Zhang et al. Research on probabilistic assessment method based on the corroded pipeline assessment criteria / International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping xxx (2012) 1-6.
 
[22]  ASME-B31G. Manual for determining the Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines. A Supplement to ASME B31 Code for Pressure Piping. American Society for Mechanical Engineers, New York, 1991.
 
[23]  M.Nahal&R.Khelif. Mechanical reliability analysis of tubes intended for hydrocarbons. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology February 2013, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 367-374.
 
Show Less References

Article

Hardened Case Properties and Tensile Behaviours of TMT Steel Bars

1Materials and Metallurgical Engineering Department, BUET, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh


American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014, 2(1), 8-14
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
I.R. Kabir, M.A. Islam. Hardened Case Properties and Tensile Behaviours of TMT Steel Bars. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014; 2(1):8-14. doi: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-2.

Correspondence to: I.R.  Kabir, Materials and Metallurgical Engineering Department, BUET, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh. Email: isratrumana@gmail.com

Abstract

Nowadays, high strength steels are getting very popular all over the world for various applications such as in auto body making, machine parts manufacturing, steel structure buildings, concrete reinforcement, etc. In Bangladesh, use of high strength TMT steels bars has got a momentum in the construction of flyovers, bridges and high rise buildings because of its good combination of the required mechanical properties. In this research work, locally produced high strength TMT reinforcing steel bars (20 mm dia.) of two different companies have been investigated. As a part of this research work, at first, details microstructural morphologies of hardened case, transition zone and core of both steels were investigated by optical microscope and they were then photographed. After that, Rockwell hardness was measured on different zones. Tensile tests were also carried by a Universal Testing Machine at room temperature. After tensile tests, details of the fracture modes of the steel bars were studied carefully. The fracture modes were then discussed in terms of chemical compositions and carbon equivalents, resulted microstructures, case and core hardness, depths of hardened case and transition zone of the steel bars.

Keywords

References

[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[
[[1]  D.L. Doushanov, “Control of Pollution in the Iron and Steel Industry”, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), vol.VIII, p.1-5.
 
[[2]  TREBUŇA, P. , FIĽO, M., PEKARČÍKOVÁ, M.(2013), Supply and Distributin Logistics, AMOS Ostrava, 2.
 
[[3]  TAKALA,J., MALINDŽÁK,D., STRAKA,M. (2007), Manufacturing strategy: Applying the logistics models / - Vaasa : Vaasan yliopisto - University of Vaasa.
 
[[4]  Report on “Available and Emerging Technologies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Iron and Steel Industry” by Office of Air and Radiation, United States Environmental Agency, September 2012.
 
[[5]  Kopczynski, C., “High Strength Rebar Expanding Options in Concrete Towers”, Structure Magazine, vol.31, p.1-2, 2008.
 
Show More References
[6]  BUDA,J., FIĽO,M. (2008), Manažment operácií, Prešov.
 
[7]  MARKOVIČ, J., JAMRICHOVÁ, S. (2008) Prosperujúci podnik v globálnom prostredí, Invent, Žilina.
 
[8]  Jha, G., Singh, A.K., Bandyopadhyay, N. and Mohanty, O.N., “Seismic Resistant Reinforcing Bars”, Journal of Practical Failure Analysis, ASM International, vol.5, p.53-56, 2001.
 
[9]  Fazal, S., Kwok, J. and Salah, O., “Application of High-Strength and Corrosion-Resistant ASTM A1035 Steel Reinforcing Bar in Concrete of High-Rise Construction”, The Council on Tall Buildings & Urban Habitat's, 8th World Congress, Dubai, p.1-6, 2008.
 
[10]  DURKÁČOVÁ, M. (2011), Balanced Scorecard - strategic management tool for company performance measurement. 15th International Student Conference on Electrical Engineering, Prague, ČVUT, P. 1-5.
 
[11]  BIELEFELDT, K., PAPACZ, W., WALKOWIAK, J. (2011), Environmentally friendly car plastics in automotive engineering. Part 1. Archiwum Motoryzacji = The Archives of Automotive Engineering , nr 2, s. 5-19 : bibliogr., rys., wykr., summ.
 
[12]  Bari, M.S., “Use of 500 Grade Steel in the Design of Reinforced Concrete Slab”, BSRM Seminar, p.1-19, 2008.
 
[13]  Noor, M.A. and Ahmed, A.U., “Study on Grade 75 and 60 Reinforcement in RC Design”, BSRM Seminar, p.1-12, 2008.
 
[14]  IVANKA, J. (2009), Automation systems and safety in intelligent buildings. In: Sborník příspěvků , mezinárodní konference ICMT´09, Brno, IDET, International Conference on Military Technologies, s. 225-234.
 
[15]  STARK, J.: Product Lifecycle Management, 21 st Century Paradigm for Product Realisation.
 
[16]  Takashi, M., Kawano, O., Hayashida, T., Okamoto, R. and Taniguchi, H. “High Strength Hot-rolled Steel Sheet for Automobiles”, Nippon Steel Technical Report No. 88, p.1-12, 2003.
 
[17]  Beynon, D., Jones, T.B. and Fourlaris, G., “Effect of High Strain Rate Deformation on Microstructure of Trip Steels Tested Under Dynamic Tensile Conditions”, Materials Science and Technology, vol.21, no.1, p.103-112, 2005.
 
[18]  SAAKSVUORI, A.-IMMONEN,A.: Product Lifecycle Management.
 
[19]  Tomota, Y., Tokuda, H, Adachi, Y., Wakita, M., Minakawa, N., Moriai, A. and Morii, Y., “Tensile Behavior of TRIP-aided Multiphase Steel Studied by In-situ Neutron Diffraction”, Acta Materialia, vol.52, p.5737-5745, 2004.
 
[20]  Hulka, K., “The Role of Niobium in Cold Rolled TRIP steel”, J. Materials Science Forum, vol.473, p.91-102, 2005.
 
[21]  Panigrahi, B.K., Srikanth, S. and Sahoo, G., “Effect of Alloying Elements on Tensile Properties, Microstructure and Corrosion Resistance of Reinforcing Bar Steel”, J. Mat. Engg. Perform. ASM International, vol.18, p.1102-1108, 2009.
 
[22]  Manoharan, R., Jayabalan, P. and Palanisamy, K., “Experimental Study on Corrosion Resistance of TMT Bar in Concrete”, ICCBT, p.239-250, 2008.
 
[23]  R. Datta, R Veeraraghavan and K.L. Rohira, “Weldability Characteristics of Torr and Corrosion-Resistant TMT Bars Using SMAW Process”, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, ASM International, vol.11, p.369-375, 2002.
 
[24]  P.C. Basu, P. Shylamoni and A.D. Roshan, “Characterization of steel Reinforcement for RC Structures: An Overview and Related Issue”, The Indian Concrete Journal, p.19-30, 2004.
 
[25]  B.K. Panigrahi, “Microstructure-Related Properties of Some Novel Reinforced Bar Steel”, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, ASM International, vol.19, p.287-293, 2010.
 
[26]  TMT bars manufacturing process: http://www.concretebasics.org/articlesinfo/tmt5.php.
 
[27]  B.K. Panigrahi and S.K. Jain, “Impact toughness of High Strength Low Alloy TMT Reinforcement Ribbed Bar”, Bulletin of Materials Science, vol.25, no.4, p.319-324, 2002.
 
[28]  M.A. Islam, “Low Temperature Fracture Toughness of Embrittled 2.25Cr-1Mo Pressure Vessel”, Ph.D Thesis, The University Of Birmingham, UK, 2001.
 
[29]  J.L. Evins, “Dependence of Strength on Corrosion-fatigue Resistance of AISI4130 Steel” Master Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, April 2004.
 
[30]  O. Kelestemur, M. Aksoy and S. Yildiz, “Corrosion behavior of tempered dual-phase steel embedded in concrete”, International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials, vol.16, no.1, p.43-50, 2009.
 
Show Less References

Article

Application of Taguchi and FEM to Explore the Surface Properties of Glass Using USM Process

1Mechanical Engineering Department, Thapar University, Patiala, India


American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014, 2(1), 1-7
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-1
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Vinod Kumar. Application of Taguchi and FEM to Explore the Surface Properties of Glass Using USM Process. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014; 2(1):1-7. doi: 10.12691/ajme-2-1-1.

Correspondence to: Vinod  Kumar, Mechanical Engineering Department, Thapar University, Patiala, India. Email: vsingla5@yahoo.com

Abstract

The FEM analysis of ultrasonic tool has been done in addition to surface roughness of machined samples using ultrasonic machining process have been presented. The experimental conditions were designed by using DOE approach. The analysis of results has been done using the MINITAB 14.0 software and results obtained are validated by conducting the confirmation experiments. The F-test and P-value has been applied to determine the significant parameters.

Keywords

References

[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[
[[1]  Tosun, N., “Determination of optimum parameters for multi-performance characteristics in drilling by using grey relational analysis”, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. 28. 450-455. 2006.
 
[[2]  Bielefeldt, K., Papacz, W., Walkowiak, J. Environmentally friendly car plastics in automotive engineering. The Archives of Automotive Engineering .- 2011, nr 2, s. 5-19.
 
[[3]  Papacz, W., Basic dynamic parameters of composite leaf springs, Journal of KONES - Powetrain and Transport .- 2009, Vol. 16, no 1, s. 379-385.
 
[[4]  Chang, C.K., Lu, H.S., “Design optimization of cutting parameters for side milling operations with multiple performance characteristics”, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 32. 18-26. 2007.
 
[[5]  Kumar, V., Khamba, S., “Statistical analysis of experimental parameters in ultrasonic machining of tungsten carbide using taguchi approach”, Journal of American Ceramic Society. 91. 92-96. 2008.
 
Show More References
[6]  Papacz, W. Some parameters of composite leaf springs, International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering .- 2009, Vol. 14, no 4, s. 1181-1187.
 
[7]  Trebuňa F., Masláková K., Frankovský, P. : Residual stress measurements. In: MMaMS 2011: Modelling of Mechanical and Mechatronical Systems: proceedings of the 4th international conference: Herlany, Slovakia, 20. - 22. 9. 2011. - Košice: TU, 2011 S. 487-491.
 
[8]  Kopac, J., Krajnik, P., “Robust design of flank milling parameters based on grey-taguchi method”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 191. 400-403. 2007.
 
[9]  Xiansheng, N., Zhenggan, Z., Xiongwei, W., Luming, L., “The use of taguchi method to optimize the laser welding of sealing neuro-stimulator”, Optics and Lasers in Engineering. 49. 297-304. 2011.
 
[10]  Bocko, J., Frankovský, P., Kostelníková, A., Ostertagová, E., Ostertag, O. Structural design and photoelasticimetric verification of landing gear of ultralight aircraft. In: Metalurgija. Vol. 49, no. 2 (2010), p. 145-150.
 
[11]  Lin, Y.C., Chen, Y.F., Wang, D.A., Lee, H.S., “ Optimization of machining parameters in magnetic force assisted EDM based on taguchi method”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 209. 3374-3383. 2009.
 
[12]  Liu, Y.T., Chang, W.C., Yamagata, Y., “A study on optimal compensation cutting for an aspheric surface using the taguchi method”,CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology. 3. 40-48. 2010.
 
[13]  Comakli, K., Simsek, F.,Comakli, O., Sahin, B., “Determination of optimum working conditions R22 and R404A refrigerant mixtures in heat-pumps using taguchi method”, Applied Energy. 86. 2451-2458. 2009.
 
[14]  Ming, L.J., Lu, P.L., Weng, W.K., “Modifications of ITO surfaces in OLED devices by taguchi methods”, Materials Science and Engineering. 85. 209-211. 2001.
 
[15]  Chang, C.W., Kuo, C.P., “Evaluation of surface roughness in laser-assisted machining of aluminum oxide ceramics with taguchi method”, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture. 47. 141-147. 2007.
 
[16]  Tosun, N., Cogun, C., Tosun, G., “A study on kerf and material removal rate in wire electrical discharge machining based on taguchi method”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 152. 316-322. 2004.
 
[17]  Gologlu, C., Sakarya, N., “The effects of cutter path strategies on surface roughness of pocket milling of 1.2738 steel based on Taguchi method”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 206. 7-15. 2008.
 
[18]  Kapsiz, M., Durat, M., Ficici, F., “ Friction and wear studies between cylinder liner and piston ring pair using taguchi design method,” Advances in Engineering Software. 42. 595-603. 2011.
 
[19]  Rosa, J.L., Robin, A., Silva, M.B., Baldan, C.A., Peres, M.P., “Electro deposition of copper on titanium wires: taguchi experimental design approach”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 209. 1181-1188. 2009.
 
[20]  Thipprakmas, S., “Application of taguchi technique to investigation of geometry and position of V-ring indenter in fine-blanking process,” Materials and Design. 31.2496-2500. 2010.
 
[21]  Savas, O., Kayikci, R., “Application of Taguchi’s methods to investigate some factors affecting microporosity formation in A360 aluminium alloy casting”, Materials and Design 28. 2224-2228. 2007.
 
[22]  Kishore, R.A., Tiwari, R., Dvivedi, A., Singh, I., “Taguchi analysis of the residual tensile strength after drilling in glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites”, Materials and Design. 30. 2186-2190. 2009.
 
[23]  George, P.M., Raghunath, B.K., Manocha, L.M., Warrier, A.M., “EDM machining of carbon–carbon composite- A Taguchi approach”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 145. 66-71. 2004.
 
[24]  Yen, Y.T., Fang, T.H., Lin, Y.C., “Optimization of screen-printing parameters of SN9000 ink for pinholes using taguchi method in chip on film packaging,” Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing. 27. 531-537. 2011.
 
[25]  Kilickap, E., “Optimization of cutting parameters on delamination based on taguchi method during drilling of GFRP composite “, Expert Systems with Applications. 37. 6116-6122. 2010.
 
[26]  Fung, P.C., Kang, P.K., “Multi response optimization in friction properties of PBT composites using taguchi method and principle component analysis”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 170. 602-610. 2005.
 
[27]  Jeang, A., Chung, C.P., Chen, C.W., Li, H.C, Optimizing process parameters of hot-bar soldering process through quality function deployment and taguchi method,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 209. 2967-2977. 2009.
 
[28]  Anawa, E.M., Olabi, A.G., “Using Taguchi method to optimize welding pool of dissimilar laser-welded components”, Optics & Laser Technology, 40. 379-388. 2008.
 
[29]  Pan, L.K., Wang, C.C., Hsiao, Y.C., Ho, K.C., “Optimization of Nd:YAG laser welding onto magnesium alloy via taguchi analysis”, Optics & Laser Technology. 37. 33-42. 2004.
 
[30]  Aggarwal, A., Singh, H., Kumar, P., Singh, M., “Optimizing power consumption for CNC turned parts using response surface methodology and taguchi’s technique-A comparative analysis”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 200. 373-384. 2008.
 
[31]  Phadke, M.S., Quality engineering using robust design. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 1989.
 
[32]  Roy ,R.K. “ A premier on the taguchi method, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. 1990.
 
Show Less References
comments powered by Disqus