American Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-4102 ISSN (Online): 2328-4110 Website: Editor-in-chief: Kambiz Ebrahimi, Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2016, 4(3), 92-98
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-4-3-2
Open AccessArticle

An Investigation into Effect of Butt Welding Parameters on Weldment Mechanical Properties

A. Hemaid1, Tarik Tawfeek1, and O. A. Gaheen1

1Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Benha University, Cairo, Egypt

Pub. Date: May 05, 2016

Cite this paper:
A. Hemaid, Tarik Tawfeek and O. A. Gaheen. An Investigation into Effect of Butt Welding Parameters on Weldment Mechanical Properties. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2016; 4(3):92-98. doi: 10.12691/ajme-4-3-2


Butt Fusion is the most important welding technique used for joining materials of similar compositions and melting points, resulting in welded joints as strong as the materials itself. The principle of butt fusion is to heat the materials ends to a designated temperature under pressure for a specified amount of time, then the materials ends are fused together under pressure for a period of time. In the present work a set of experiments has been conducted on base material of steel 52-3N (DIN 17100) to study the effect of butt welding process variables on the temperature distributions, welding thermal cycles behavior, peak temperature and the cooling rate for the steel butt-welding joints in the multiple pass welding process by means of the practically measurements. Also the effect of heat input which presented by the welding process variables on the mechanical properties of the welded joints has been investigated to reach the optimum welding variables which give the optimum mechanical properties. It is observed through the experiments that the optimum mechanical properties can be achieved at interpass temperature of 200°, welding voltage of 35V and welding speed of 6 mm/sec.

Wire feed rate Welding speed Interpass temperature Arc voltage HAZ Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Evans G. M. and Bailey N., “Metallurgy of Basic Weld Metal”, Abington Publishing, 1997.
[2]  Evans G. M., “The effect of heat input on the microstructure and properties of C-Mn all weld metal deposits” Welding Industries Oerlicon Buehrle Ltd., Zurich Switzerland 1982.
[3]  Ahmed Faraz, Salman Nisar, Mohammad Amir Khan,Effect of Welding Parameterson the Structural Performance of Fusion Welding Extruded and Injection Molded HDPE Joints. Journal of space technology, Vol-4, No-1,July2014.
[4]  Meo M. and Vignjevic R., “Welding simulation using FEA” Welding Journal, AWS, pp. 59-64, 2000.
[5]  Zhang W., Roy G. G., Elmer J. W., and DebRoy T., “Modeling of heat transfer and fluid flow during gas tungsten arc spot welding of low carbon steel”, American Institute of Physics, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 93, pp. 3022-3033, 2003.
[6]  Hunt A. C., Kluken A. O. and Edwards G. R., “Heat input and dilution effects in microalloyed steel weld metals” Welding and Joining Research, Colorado School, pp. 9-s to 15-s, 1994.
[7]  Smartt H. B. and Einerson C. J.,” A model for hear and mass input control in GMAW”, Idaho, pp. 217-s to 229-s, 1993.
[8]  Abson D. J., “Microstructure and mechanical properties of gas-shielded welding of C-Mn-Ni steel”, Cambridge University, Welding Journal, AWS, pp. 173-s to 187–s, 1990.
[9]  Jose Vercesi and Estela Surian, “The effect of welding parameters on high-strength SMAW all-weld-metal-part1: AWS E11018-M”, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Welsing Research, pp. 191–s to 196–s, 1996.
[10]  Egyptian Iron & Steel Co. Hadisolb “Company Profile and product specifications”, 2007.
[11]  ANSI/AWS “Structural Welding Code-Steel” 16th Edition, American Welding Society, 2005.
[12]  James G., john B., Don Baragar and Murray Lrtts, “Gleeble simulation studies at MTL-CANMET”, Ottawa Ontario Canada, pp. 21-24, 2000.
[13]  Gowrisankar I., Bhaduri A. K., Verma D. D. N., and Achar D. R. G., “Effect of the number of passes on the structure and properties of submerged arc welds of AISI type 316L stainless steel”, Welding Research, India, pp. 147–s to 154–s, 1987.