American Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-4102 ISSN (Online): 2328-4110 Website: Editor-in-chief: Kambiz Ebrahimi, Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2016, 4(2), 60-64
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-4-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Effect of HSS and Tungsten Carbide Tools on Surface Roughness of Aluminium Alloy during Turning Operation

Lawal S. A1, , Ahmed A. M1, Lawal S.S1 and Ugheoke B.I2

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Abuja- Nigeria

Pub. Date: April 11, 2016

Cite this paper:
Lawal S. A, Ahmed A. M, Lawal S.S and Ugheoke B.I. Effect of HSS and Tungsten Carbide Tools on Surface Roughness of Aluminium Alloy during Turning Operation. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2016; 4(2):60-64. doi: 10.12691/ajme-4-2-3


This paper presents investigation of the effects of cutting tool on the surface roughness during the turning of locally sourced aluminum alloy using High speed steel and Tungsten carbide as cutting tools. The cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut were conditions selected for the study. The aluminium alloy used as workpiece was locally sourced and the chemical analysis was carried out on the alloy to determine its elemental composition. Experiments were carried out at intervals of 10 minutes cutting time for seven different cutting speeds (Vc) of 300-600m/min. feed rates (f) of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6mm/rev and a constant depth of cut (d) of 1.0mm. The results obtained showed that the surface roughness of the aluminum alloy can be improved upon with higher cutting speed and lower feed rate. Surface roughness value of 1.98 µm was obtained at cutting speed of 600 m/min and feed rate of 0.2 mm/rev as compared with surface roughness value of 2.19 µm at 600 m/rev and feed rate of 0.6 mm/rev.

cutting tool surface roughness feed rate and depth of cut

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Kadirgama, K., Noor, M. M., Zuki, N. M., Rahman, M. M., Rejab, M. R. M., Daud, R., and Abou-El- Hossein, K. A. (2009). Surface Roughness Prediction Model of 6061-T6 Aluminum Alloy Machining Using Statistical Method, European Journal of Scientific Research, 25(2), 250-256.
[2]  Thomas, C., Katsuhiro, M., Toshiyuki, O., and Yasuo, Y. (2000). Metal machining: Theory and applications, Great Britain. Arnold, a member of the Hodder Headline Group.
[3]  Mills, B., & Qi, H. S., (2000). Formation of a transfer layer at the tool-chip interface during machining, International Journal of Wear 245, 136-147.
[4]  Dogra, M., Sharma, V. S., and Dureja, J. (2011). Effect of tool geometry variation on finish turning – A Review, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, 4(1), 1-13.
[5]  Mustafa, G., and Emre, Y. (2013). Application of Taguchi method for determining optimum surface roughness in turning of high-alloy white cast iron, Measurement, 46, 913-919.
[6]  Samir, K. M., and Adel, H. (2011). Investigation into the turning parameters effect on the surface roughness of flame hardened medium carbon steel with TiN-Al2O3-TiCN coated inserts based on Taguchi technique, World Academy of science, Engineering and Technology, 59, 2137-2141.
[7]  Martinez, L.V., Jauregui-Correa, J. C., and Rubio-Cerda, E. (2008). Analysis of compliance between the cutting tool and the workpiece on the stability of a turning process, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 48, 1054-1062.
[8]  Sasimurugan, T., and Palanikumar, K. (2011). Analysis of the Machining Characteristics on Surface Roughness of a Hybrid Aluminium Metal Matrix Composite (Al6061-SiC-Al2O3), Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, 10(13), 1213-1224.
[9]  Manna, A. and Bhattacharya, B. (2013). A Study on machinability of Al/SiCMMC, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 140, 711-716.
[10]  Narayana, B. D., and Chenata, S. B. (2013). Optimization of cutting parameters for turning aluminium alloy using Taguchi method, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, 2(7), 1399-1407.