American Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-4102 ISSN (Online): 2328-4110 Website: Editor-in-chief: Kambiz Ebrahimi, Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
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American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2016, 4(2), 50-59
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-4-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Optimization of the Geometric Design of Silicon Solar Cells under Concentrated Sunlight

Hoe-Gil Lee1, and Singiresu S. Rao2

1Department of Mechanical Engineering Shiv Nadar University NH-91, Teshsil Dadri, District Gautam Buddha Nagar U.P. 2101 314, India

2Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA

Pub. Date: April 07, 2016

Cite this paper:
Hoe-Gil Lee and Singiresu S. Rao. Optimization of the Geometric Design of Silicon Solar Cells under Concentrated Sunlight. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2016; 4(2):50-59. doi: 10.12691/ajme-4-2-2


The optimization of silicon solar cells is presented. The desired performance characteristics of a solar cell include a high conversion efficiency and a large power output through optimal grid contact design with minimal power losses under concentrated sunlight. Both square and rectangular shapes of linear grid contact patterns are considered for silicon solar cells with constraints on design parameters. The optical and ohmic losses are noted in computing the conversion efficiency and power output, which influence the structure and size of the solar cell and the grid contact design. In the optimization of solar cell performance, the various power losses caused by grid contact that influence the solar cell size, geometry of the fingers, busbars, and spacing between the metal grid lines are also considered. The proposed methodology permits the design of the solar cell for optimal cell performance even when some of the parameters, such as the size of the cell or the geometry of the fingers, are prespecified.

solar cell optimization geometric design parameters genetic algorithm

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