American Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-4102 ISSN (Online): 2328-4110 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajme Editor-in-chief: Kambiz Ebrahimi, Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2015, 3(3A), 32-37
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-3-3A-6
Open AccessResearch Article

Evaluation of Energy Losses in Pipes

LAHIOUEL Yasmina1, and LAHIOUEL Rachid2

1Laboratoire d'Analyse Industrielle et de Génie des Matériaux (LAIGM), Faculté des sciences et de la Technologie, Université de Guelma, B.P. 401, Guelma

2Laboratoire de Physique de Guelma (GPL), Université de Guelma, B.P. 401, Guelma, Algérie

Pub. Date: November 07, 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluid Flow and Thermo-Mechanics Engineering)

Cite this paper:
LAHIOUEL Yasmina and LAHIOUEL Rachid. Evaluation of Energy Losses in Pipes. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2015; 3(3A):32-37. doi: 10.12691/ajme-3-3A-6

Abstract

Energy losses in pipes used for the transportation of fluids (water, petroleum, gas, etc.) are essentially due to friction, as well as to the diverse singularities encountered. These losses are usually converted into head reductions in the direction of the flow. The knowledge of data of such transformation allows the determination of the necessary power needed for the transportation of the fluid between two points. It constitutes the necessary calculation basis necessary for the design and analysis of transport and distribution networks. The review of the different relationships allowing the determination of these losses and their comparison to the experimental results obtained by the authors constitute the object of this study.

Keywords:
head losses frictional head losses minor head losses singular head losses water distribution network

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Barr, D.I.H., 1975, “New Forms of Equation for the correlation of Resistance Data”, Proc. Inst. of Civil Engrs., 59 (2), pp 827-835.
 
[2]  Bhave, P.R., 1991, “Analysis of flow in water distribution networks”, Technomic Pub. Co., Inc., USA.
 
[3]  Blasius, H., 1913, “DasAhnlichkeitsgesetz in Flussigkeiten”, Verein Deutscher Ingenieure, Forschungsheft, p 131.
 
[4]  Boudebza C. and Bouachari, A., 1999, “Etude des approches de calcul des pertes de charge par frottement et singulières et comparaison avec l’expérimentation”, Guelma Univ., Algeria.
 
[5]  Chen J.J.J., 1984, “A Simple Explicit Formula for the Estimation of Pipe Friction Factor”, Proc. Inst. of Civil Engrs., 77 (2), pp 49-55.
 
[6]  Chen, J.J.J., 1985, “Systematic Explicit Solutions of the Prandtl and Colebrook-White Equation for Pipe Flow”, Proc. Inst. of Civil Engrs., pp 383-389.
 
[7]  Churchill, S.W., 1977, “Friction Factor Equation Spans All Fluid Flow Regimes”, Chemical Engineering, 84, pp 91-92.
 
[8]  Colebrook, C.F., 1939, “Turbulent Flow in Pipes with Particular reference to the Transition Region between the Smooth and Rough Pipe Laws”, J. Inst. of Civil Engrs., I1, pp 133-156.
 
[9]  Ger, A.M. and Holly, E.R., 1976, “Comparison of single point injections in Pipe Flow”, J. Hydraul. Div., Am. Soc. of Civil Engrs., 102 (HY6), pp 731-746.
 
[10]  Haaland, S.E., 1983, “Simple and Explicit Formulas for the Friction Factor in Turbulent Pipe Flow”, J. Fluids Engrs., pp 89-90.
 
[11]  Haddad, A., Bouachari, A. and Boudebza, C., 1999, “Pertes de charge régulières et singulières le long du tronçon Oléoduc SP-3”, Internal report, Guelma Univ., Algeria.
 
[12]  Haddad A. and Lahiouel Y., 1999, “Analyse des réseaux de distribution d’eau par la méthode de Cross et l’approche linéaire”, Trans. of the 4th Mech. Engg.Cong., vol. 2, p 89, Mohammadia, Morocco.
 
[13]  Jain, A.K., 1976, “Accurate Explicit Equation for Friction Factor”, J. Hydraul. Div., Am. Soc. of Civil Engrs., pp 674-677.
 
[14]  Jain, A.K., Mohan, D.M. and Khanna, P., 1978, “Modified Hazen-Williams Formula”, J.Environ. Engrg. Div., Am. Soc. of Civil Engrs., pp 137-146.
 
[15]  Johnson, S.P., 1934, “A Survey of Flow Calculation Methods”, Preprinted Paper for Summer Meeting, Am. Soc. of Mech. Engrs.
 
[16]  Lamont, P., 1969, “The Choice of the Pipe Flow Laws for Practical Use”, Water and Water Engineering, pp 55-63.
 
[17]  Moody, L.F., 1944, “Friction Factors for Pipe Flow”, Trans. American Society of Mechanical. Engineers., 66, pp 671-684.
 
[18]  Morel, M.A. and Laborde, J.P., 1994, “Exercices de Mécanique des Fluides”, Volume 1, Chihab-Eyrolles Editions, Algeria.
 
[19]  Nikuradse, J., 1933, “Strِmungsgesetze in Rauben Rohren”, Verein Deutsher Ingenieure, Forschungsheft, p 361.
 
[20]  Powell, R.W., 1968, “The Origin of Manning Formula”, J. Hydraul. Div., American Society of Civil Engrs., pp 1179-1181.
 
[21]  Rouse, H., 1943, “Evaluation of Boundary Roughness”, Proc. 2nd Hydraul. Conf., Univ. of Lowa.
 
[22]  Scobey, F.C., 1966, “The flow of water in commercially smooth pipes”, Water Ressources Center Archives, Series report 17, Univ. of California, Berkeley, USA.
 
[23]  Swamee, P.K. and Jain, A.K., 1976, “Explicit Equations for Pipe Flow Problems”, J.Hydraul. Div., Am. Soc. of Civil Engrs., 102 (HY11), pp 1707-1709.
 
[24]  Techo, R., Tichner, R.R. and James, R.E., 1965, “An Accurate Equation for the Computation of Friction Factor for Smooth Pipes from the Reynolds Number”, J. of Applied Mechanics, 32, pp 443.
 
[25]  Weisbach J., 1855, “Die Experimental Hydraulik”, Freiberg, Germany: Engelhardt.
 
[26]  White, W.R., 1974, “The Hydraulic Characteristics of Clayware Pipes”, Hydraulic Research Station, Report No. Int. 133, Wallingford, Berkshire, England.
 
[27]  Williams, G.S. and Hazen, A., 1933, “Hydraulic tables”, 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons nc., USA.
 
[28]  Williams G.P., 1970, “Manning Formula-A Misnomer?”, J. Hydraul. Div., American Society of Civil Engrs., pp 193-200.
 
[29]  Wood, D.J., 1972, “An Explicit Friction Factor Relationship”, Civil Engineering, Am. Soc. of Civil Engrs. pp 383-390.
 
[30]  Zigrang, D.J. and Sylvester, N.D., 1982, “Explicit Approximations to the Solution of Colebrook’s Friction Factor Equation”, J. Am. Inst. of Chemical Engrs., pp 514-515.