American Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-4102 ISSN (Online): 2328-4110 Website: Editor-in-chief: Kambiz Ebrahimi, Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2015, 3(3), 79-83
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-3-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Production of Biogas by Anaerobic Digestion of Food Waste and Process Simulation

Faisal Kader1, , Abdullah Hil Baky1, Muhammad Nazmul Hassan Khan1 and Habibullah Amin Chowdhury1

1Islamic University of Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: May 24, 2015

Cite this paper:
Faisal Kader, Abdullah Hil Baky, Muhammad Nazmul Hassan Khan and Habibullah Amin Chowdhury. Production of Biogas by Anaerobic Digestion of Food Waste and Process Simulation. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2015; 3(3):79-83. doi: 10.12691/ajme-3-3-2


Anaerobic Digestion is a biological process that takes place naturally when microorganisms break down organic matter in the absence of oxygen. In an enclosed chamber, controlled anaerobic digestion of organic matter produces biogas which is predominantly methane. The produced methane then can be directly used for rural cooking; or after certain conditioning, can be used in onsite power generation, heating homes or as vehicular fuel. Besides, food waste is increasingly becoming a major problem in every society imposing serious economic and environmental concerns. For this reason, many contemporary researches are emphasizing in finding sustainable solutions to recycle and produce energy from such waste. In this context, this paper aims to study and optimize the production of biogas from food waste (rice). For the experiment, an existing wet digestion biogas plant installed in Islamic University of Technology was used. The food waste (rice) for the research was collected from the cafeteria of Islamic University of Technology. Furthermore, a process simulation was performed by PROII software to estimate the methane production rate. Eventually, the simulated and experimental results were compared. The duration of the study period was 120 days. The experimental results showed that an average specific gas production of 14.4 kg-mol/hr can be obtained for 0.05 kg-mol/hr of starch loading rate. In case of the simulated results, the gas production was found to be 19.82 kg-mol/hr for the same loading rate of starch. The percentage of methane and CO2 obtained in the biogas plant was 69% and 29% respectively.

Anaerobic Digestion food waste process simulation biogas

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 14


[1]  Baldasano, J.M. and Soriano, 2000, “Emission of greenhouse gases from anaerobic digestion processes: comparison with other municipal solid waste treatments. Water science and technology,” Vol. 41 (3); 275-282.
[2]  Hartmann, H. and Ahring, B.K., 2006, “Strategy for the anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste: and overview. Water science & technology.” Vol. 53 (8):7-22.
[3]  Palmisano, A.C. & Barlaz, Morton A., 1996. “Microbiology of solid waste.”
[4]  Deublein, D. and Steinhauser, A. (2008). “Biogas from waste and renewable resources: An introduction.” Wiley-V CH, Weinheim, Germany.
[5]  Khanal, S.K. (2008). “Bioenergy generation from residues of biofuel industries. Anaerobic Biotechnology for Bioenergy Production: Principles and Applications.” Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK; John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 161-188.
[6]  Ersahin, M.V, Gomec, C.V., Dereli, R.K., Arikan, O. and Ozturk, I. (2011), “Bio methane production as an alternative: Bioenergy source from codigesters treating municipal sludge and organic fraction of municipal solid wastes.” Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, 8:1-8.
[7]  Heo, N., Park, S., Lee, J., Kang, H. and Park, D. (2003). “Single-stage anaerobic codigestion for mixture wastes of simulated Korean food waste and waste activated sludge.” Applied Biochemical and Biotechnology, 107: 567-579.
[8]  Han, S.-K.and Shin, H.-S. (2004). “Biohydrogen production by anaerobic fermentation of food waste.”
[9]  Zhang, R., El-Mashad, H.M., Hartman, K., Wang, F., Liu, G., Choate, C. and Gamble, P. (2007). “Characterization of food waste as feedstock for anaerobic digestion.” Bioresource Technology, 98: 929-935.
[10]  Ostrem, K. & Themelis, Nickolas J., 2004. "Greening waste : anaerobic digestion for treating the organic fraction of municipal solid wastes”.
[11]  Rebecca Anne Devis, 2008. “Parameter Estimation for Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Food Waste into Ethanol Using Matlab Simulink”.