American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018, 6(12), 241-246
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-12-4
Open AccessCase Report

Multiple Septic Emboli in the Skin, Lungs, and Brain due to Corynebacterium Striatum Bacteremia in a Patient with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Motoharu Shibusawa1, , Jiro Tadokoro1, Shouhei Sato1 and Makoto Kashimura1

1Shinmatsudo Central General Hospital, Department of Hematology

Pub. Date: December 28, 2018

Cite this paper:
Motoharu Shibusawa, Jiro Tadokoro, Shouhei Sato and Makoto Kashimura. Multiple Septic Emboli in the Skin, Lungs, and Brain due to Corynebacterium Striatum Bacteremia in a Patient with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018; 6(12):241-246. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-12-4

Abstract

A 29-year-old man developed fever after chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia. Corynebacterium striatum was detected via blood culture, and antibacterial treatment with vancomycin started. In the course of treatment, papules of the skin, multiple nodular shadows of the lung, cerebral infarction, and subdural empyema appeared. A diagnosis of multiple septic emboli in the skin, lungs, and brain due to C. striatum bacteremia was made from the clinical course. The antibacterial treatment improved skin and pulmonary lesions. The subdural empyema was considered as a postoperative infection of burr-hole craniotomy. It improved by performing craniotomy twice with drainage and empiric antibiotic therapy. In our case, neutropenia was present as an immunodeficiency, which made bacteremia severe. There has not been reported a case of septic emboli of three lesions; skin, lung, and brain. C. striatum bacteremia may result in septic emboli and should immediately be treated with antibiotics.

Keywords:
Corynebacterium striatum acute myelogenous leukemia septic emboli

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