American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018, 6(9), 173-179
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-9-2
Open AccessArticle

Brugada Pattern in Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Case Report and Scoping Study

Syed Haseeb1, Pramod Theetha Kariyanna1, Apoorva Jayarangaiah2, Ganesh Thirunavukkarasu1, Sudhanva Hegde1, Jonathan D. Marmur1, Sneha Neurgaonkar1 and Samy I. McFarlane1,

1Division of Cardiovascular Disease and Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A- 11203

2Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University, Baptist Health System, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, U.S.A-27157

Pub. Date: October 07, 2018

Cite this paper:
Syed Haseeb, Pramod Theetha Kariyanna, Apoorva Jayarangaiah, Ganesh Thirunavukkarasu, Sudhanva Hegde, Jonathan D. Marmur, Sneha Neurgaonkar and Samy I. McFarlane. Brugada Pattern in Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Case Report and Scoping Study. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018; 6(9):173-179. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-9-2

Abstract

Brugada syndrome is a rare cardiac arrhythmia which is associated with right bundle branch block pattern (RBBB) and ST-segment elevation in right precordial leads. SCNA5 mutation is the most common genetic abnormality associated with Brugada syndrome. Brugada pattern not related to genetic mutations has been previously reported in the setting of fever, metabolic conditions, lithium use, marijuana and cocaine abuse, ischemia and pulmonary embolism, myocardial and pericardial diseases. Multiple isolated cases of Brugada pattern associated with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) have been previously reported. We here present a case of type 1 Brugada pattern in a 23 year-old-male who presented with DKA. Brugada pattern in DKA is attributed to acidosis and multiple electrolyte abnormalities including hyperkalemia which alter ion channel expression in the heart thus leading to Brugada pattern which subsequently resolved with treatment of DKA. In such patients, Brugada pattern is not reproducible on procainamide induction cardiac electrophysiology study (EPS). Our scoping study demonstrates male predominance 20/22 cases of (DELETE this highlighted area) Brugada pattern in DKA, a finding that is consistent with prevalence of this disease among males.

Keywords:
Brugada pattern diabetic ketoacidosis

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