American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018, 6(8), 157-160
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-8-3
Open AccessCase Report

Rapid Progression of Heart Failure in a Patient with Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy

Pramod Theetha Kariyanna1, Apoorva Jayarangaiah2, Abdullah Mahmood3, Mitchell Hare4, Nicholas Taklalsingh1 and Isabel M. McFarlane1,

1Divisions of Cardiovascular Disease and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A- 11203

2Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University, Baptist Health Care System, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, U.S.A- 27157

3Department of Internal Medicine, Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A- 11212

4Ross University School of Medicine, Portsmouth, Dominica

Pub. Date: August 23, 2018

Cite this paper:
Pramod Theetha Kariyanna, Apoorva Jayarangaiah, Abdullah Mahmood, Mitchell Hare, Nicholas Taklalsingh and Isabel M. McFarlane. Rapid Progression of Heart Failure in a Patient with Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018; 6(8):157-160. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-8-3

Abstract

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) is a rare autoimmune myopathy that includes polymyositis, dermatomyositis, inclusion body myositis and autoimmune necrotizing myositis. Cardiac involvement was considered a rare occurrence in IIM however, recent reports suggests that cardiac involvement is a common feature and portends poor prognosis as it is usually encountered in advanced disease. IIM leads to myocarditis with subsequent development of myocardial fibrosis, cardiac conduction system disease and cardiomyopathy resulting in both systolic and diastolic heart failure. Conduction abnormalities such as first, second and third degree atrioventricular blocks, right and left bundle branch blocks associated with IIM have been reported. We present a case of a 44-year-old woman with biopsy proven-IIM whose left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and electrocardiogram (ECG) were recorded as normal two years prior. On presentation to our hospital ECG revealed atrial tachycardia and 2D echocardiogram revealed heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (20-30%). Patient quickly progressed to complete heart block. A cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator (CRT-D) insertion was planned but patient succumbed to sepsis.

Keywords:
idiopathic inflammatory myopathy atrial tachycardia heart failure with reduced ejection fraction

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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