American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018, 6(7), 137-142
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-7-5
Open AccessCase Report

Mysterious Mediastinum - Fever Difficult to Diagnose with Dysphagia

Bhavana Venkata Nagabhushana Rao1, and Bhavana Venkata Satyaraman1

1Department Of Medicine, Queen’s NRI Hospital, Seethammadhara, Visakhapatnam

Pub. Date: August 14, 2018

Cite this paper:
Bhavana Venkata Nagabhushana Rao and Bhavana Venkata Satyaraman. Mysterious Mediastinum - Fever Difficult to Diagnose with Dysphagia. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018; 6(7):137-142. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-7-5


Tuberculosis is a common etiological factor for fever of unknown origin in developing countries even today. Tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenitis is a disease of children as a part of primary tuberculosis. Mediastinal lymphadenitis without a parenchymal disease is unusual in an adult. Mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis presenting as fever of unknown origin could be mysterious when chest x ray was normal. Modern techniques like Computerised Tomography of chest and Endobronchial Ultrasound and Transbronchial Needle Aspiration (EBUS & TBNA) made it possible to make an early diagnosis in such clinical situations. We present a case of an adult with mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis with esophageal compression symptoms who presented with fever difficult to diagnose. And also we depict how modern techniques helped us to make an early and accurate diagnosis.

dysphasia mediastinal lymphadenopathy endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration

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