American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018, 6(2), 41-42
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-2-9
Open AccessCase Report

Infective Endocarditis and Meningitis Caused by Granulicatella elegans

Nawal Al-Kindi1, , Jalila Mohsin1 and Azza Al-Rashdi1

1Clinical Microbiology Department, The Royal Hospital, CPHL, Central Public Health Laboratory

Pub. Date: April 04, 2018

Cite this paper:
Nawal Al-Kindi, Jalila Mohsin and Azza Al-Rashdi. Infective Endocarditis and Meningitis Caused by Granulicatella elegans. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2018; 6(2):41-42. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-6-2-9

Abstract

Granullicatella elegans is a nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS) known to cause a board spectrum of infections including infective endocarditis(IE), pneumonitis, peritonitis, meningitis, urinary tract, genital tract and other infections. NVS does not grow on routine laboratory media and requires specific biochemical tests for identification. We report a case of Granullicatella elegans causing infective endocarditis and a rare complication of septic emboli to brain manifested as meningitis in a previously healthy patient with mild dental manipulation. The patient was managed with empiric antibiotics until final identification was made. The patient made a full recovery after 6 to 8 weeks of treatment with no complications. NVS including Granullicatella species is a well known cause of IE which could be missed and should be considered in the differential of culture negative IE. Molecular testing is very helpful in the definite diagnosis and identification of of NVS.

Keywords:
infective endocarditis nutritionaly variant streptococci granullicatella

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