American Journal of Medical Case Reports
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2017, 5(9), 252-253
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-5-9-7
Open AccessCase Report

Late Presentation of SLE and Secondary Anti-phospholipid Syndrome, Following Initial Evans Syndrome

Geetha Wickrematilake1,

1Department of Rheumatology, District General Hospital, Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka

Pub. Date: September 28, 2017

Cite this paper:
Geetha Wickrematilake. Late Presentation of SLE and Secondary Anti-phospholipid Syndrome, Following Initial Evans Syndrome. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2017; 5(9):252-253. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-5-9-7

Abstract

Background: Evans syndrome associated with secondary anti-phospholipid syndrome has not been reported in case studies and we report a case of SLE and secondary anti-phospholipid syndrome diagnosed seven years after the initial diagnosis of Evans syndrome. Case presentation: A 21-years-old female was diagnosed with Evans syndrome since the age of 14 years, and was on treatment for seven years. At the onset of disease her immunological screening for ANA, Ds-DNA were negative. She was treated with immunosuppressants and steroids and the disease was complicated with Cryptococcal meningitis. Seven years later at the age of 21 years she started to have joint arthritis, and the ANA test converted to positive together with a positive Ds-DNA. Later on she had a single episode of unprovoked deep vein thrombosis in a leg (below knee), and became positive for lupus anticoagulant and IgM anticardiolipin antibodies. Her cardiac imaging (Echo-cardiogram) revealed that she had developed moderate pulmonary hypertension. She was treated with physiotherapy, Methotrexate, Hydroxychloroquine, Warfarin and Sildenafil with good control of the disease. Her lupus is in remission with treatment with no anaemia. Conclusion: Haematological manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus could vary. Hence, Lupus should be kept in mind always during management of complicated hematological conditions as the patient might fulfill cumulative SLE classification criteria over time.

Keywords:
systemic lupus erythematosus anti-phospholipid syndrome Evans syndrome anti-nuclear antibody haemolytic anaemia

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