American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2017, 5(8), 226-228
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-5-8-6
Open AccessCase Report

Sub-acute Sclerosing Pan-encephalitis in a 5 Years Old Child: A Response to Intravenous Immunoglobulin and Steroids

Al Shehhi. Wafaa1, Alkindi. Hanan2, Macki. Nabil1 and AL Hashami. Hilal3,

1Pediatric Neurology, Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman

2Virology Department, National Public health lab, Muscat, Oman

3Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman

Pub. Date: August 28, 2017

Cite this paper:
Al Shehhi. Wafaa, Alkindi. Hanan, Macki. Nabil and AL Hashami. Hilal. Sub-acute Sclerosing Pan-encephalitis in a 5 Years Old Child: A Response to Intravenous Immunoglobulin and Steroids. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2017; 5(8):226-228. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-5-8-6


A five years old Yemeni boy presented with a 5 months history of progressive neurological deterioration in picture of progressive cognitive decline , seizures and hyperkinetic movements. Patient came from an area with political instability and low socio-economic status. There was history suggestive of measles at 2 years of age. He never received measles vaccination. Diagnosis of sub acute sclerosing pan encephalitis (SSPE) was made based on clinical symptoms, serum and CSF findings of high measles IgG, neuroradiological findings as well as neurophysiological findings. We report this case to highlight the role of intravenous immunoglobulin and steroid in improving his symptoms.

subacute sclerosing pan encephalitis children intravenous immunoglobulin and steroids

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  R.K. Garg B. Karak. A.M. Sharma Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis. INDIAN PEDIATRICS. VOLUME 35-APRIL 1998.
[2]  Jabbour JT, Garcia JH, Lemmi H, Regland J, Duenas DA, Sever JL. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. A multidisciplinary study of eight cases. JAMA 1969; 207: 2248-54.
[3]  Prashanth LK,Taly AB, Ravi V, Sinaha S, Rao S. Long term survival in subacute sclerosing panencephalitis: an enigma. Brain Dev 2006; 28: 447-52.
[4]  Jurgen Schneider-Schaulies Measles virus in the CNS: the role of viral and host factors for the establishment and maintenance of a persistent infection. Journal of NeuroVirology 1999; 5, 613-622.
[5]  Rosina Giordano-Santini, Casey Linton, Massimo A. Hilliard. Cell-cell fusion in the nervous system: Alternative mechanisms of development, injury, and repair. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology 60 2016; 146-154.
[6]  Cattaneo, R.; Schmid, A.; Eschle, D.; Baczko, K.; terMeulen, V.; Billeter, M.A. Biasedhypermutationandother genetic changes in defective measles viruses in human brain infections. Cell 1988; 55, 255-265.
[7]  Gürer YKY, Kükner Ş, Sarica B. Intravenous y-globulin treatment in a patient with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. Pediatr. Neurol. 1996; 14(1), 72-74.
[8]  Ravindra Kumar Garg,subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, J Neurol 2008; 255:1861-1871.
[9]  Serdaroglu G, Kutlu A, Tekgul H, Tutuncuoglu S. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis: a case with fulminant course after ACTH. Pediatr. Neurol. 2004; 31(1), 67-70.
[10]  Burak Tatlı, Barış Ekici and Meral Özmen, Current therapies and future perspectives in subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, Expert Rev. Neurother. 2012; 12(4), 485-492.