American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2017, 5(4), 104-106
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-5-4-7
Open AccessCase Report

A Rare Presentation of Hepatic Hydrothorax in a Patient with Alcohol induced Liver Cirrhosis

Ganesh Kasinathan1, and Naganathan Pillai2

1Department of Internal Medicine, Segamat Hospital, KM 6 Jalan Genuang, 85000 Segamat, Johor, Malaysia

2Department of Internal Medicine, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia

Pub. Date: May 22, 2017

Cite this paper:
Ganesh Kasinathan and Naganathan Pillai. A Rare Presentation of Hepatic Hydrothorax in a Patient with Alcohol induced Liver Cirrhosis. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2017; 5(4):104-106. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-5-4-7

Abstract

Hepatic hydrothorax is defined as significant pleural effusion greater than 500 ml in a patient with liver cirrhosis without any underlying pulmonary, cardiac and pleural disease. This case report describes a 47 year old Indian gentleman who was diagnosed as alcohol induced liver cirrhosis, Child-Turcotte-Pugh score B, with gross ascites. He presented with recurrent right sided pleural effusion. Pleural fluid analysis revealed transudative pleural effusion. A diagnosis of hepatic hydrothorax was made after excluding other causes of pleural effusion. He did not respond to medical therapy and sodium restriction. His recurrent pleural effusion was treated with tube thoracostomy and chemical talc pleurodesis. He was referred to the tertiary hepatology unit for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) and liver transplantation. Hepatic hydrothorax should always be suspected in a patient who presents with liver cirrhosis with portal hypertension and transudative pleural effusion.

Keywords:
hepatic hydrothorax cirrhosis thoracostomy transplantation portal hypertension

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