American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2016, 4(7), 236-237
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-4-7-4
Open AccessArticle

Arteriovenous Fistula and Pseudoaneurysm: A Rare Complication of Central Venous Catheterization

Rajul Rastogi1, , Shourya Sharma1, Yuktika Gupta1, Pawan Joon1, Asif Majid Wani1, Vijai Pratap1 and Pankaj Kumar Das1

1Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and Research Center, Moradabad, U.P., India

Pub. Date: July 16, 2016

Cite this paper:
Rajul Rastogi, Shourya Sharma, Yuktika Gupta, Pawan Joon, Asif Majid Wani, Vijai Pratap and Pankaj Kumar Das. Arteriovenous Fistula and Pseudoaneurysm: A Rare Complication of Central Venous Catheterization. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2016; 4(7):236-237. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-4-7-4


Central venous catheterization (CVC) is a commonly performed invasive procedure in pre-operative period and for long-term intravenous access. Image-guided CVC has gained importance as it not only helps in reducing number of attempts but also prevents wrong internal jugular vein (IJV) punctures leading to reduced incidence & severity of CVC complications. Lack of availability of image-guidance related infrastructure and competence are responsible for non-image-guided CVC-related complications in developing countries. This article emphasizes the importance of image-guided CVC by discussing a case of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) between a small branch of external carotid artery and internal jugular vein detected in immediate postoperative period following CVC which was performed without image-guidance.

arteriovenous fistula pseudoaneurysm catheterization

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