American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2016, 4(1), 31-34
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-4-1-9
Open AccessCase Report

Pickering Syndrome precipitated by Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor

Pramod Theetha Kariyanna1, , Apoorva Jayarangaiah2, Robert Adrah3, Abhishek Sharma4 and Debabrata Sen3

1Department of Internal Medicine, State university of New York (SUNY)- Downstate Medical center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.

2Department of Internal Medicine, Marshfield Clinic- St. Joseph Hospital, Marshfield, Wisconsin, U.S.A.

3Department of Internal Medicine, Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.

4Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, State university of New York (SUNY)- Downstate Medical center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.

Pub. Date: February 03, 2016

Cite this paper:
Pramod Theetha Kariyanna, Apoorva Jayarangaiah, Robert Adrah, Abhishek Sharma and Debabrata Sen. Pickering Syndrome precipitated by Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2016; 4(1):31-34. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-4-1-9

Abstract

Pickering syndrome is an under recognised cardio-renal syndrome where life threatening flash pulmonary edema develops in the setting of diastolic dysfunction of the heart. Renal artery stenosis induced activation of sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system result in fluid retention; such fluid retention in the setting of diastolic dysfunction results in flash pulmonary edema. Most patients who present with pickering syndrome have normal coronary circulation and left ventricular systolic function. We here present a case of pickering syndrome that was precipitated by initiation of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor therapy in a patient with undiagnosed unilateral renal artery stenosis. The incidence of flash pulmonary edema decreases on revascularization of renal artery stenosis. Underlying renal artery stenosis should be suspected in a patient with recurrent flash pulmonary edema as such patients merit from revascularization of renal artery stenosis. To the best of our knowledge we are the first to report angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors as a precipitator of pickering syndrome.

Keywords:
pickering syndrome renal artery stenosis diastolic dysfunction of heart angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors renal artery revascularization

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