American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2015, 3(9), 297-300
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-3-9-9
Open AccessCase Report

Rhinosinusitis Caused by Unusual Fungus Fonsecaea pedrosoi - A Rare Case Report from South India

Chadiesh Nagarajan1, Premamalini Thayanidhi2, Rajyoganandh Subramanian Vijayaraman2, Anupma Jyoti Kindo2, and John Samuel3

1Department of Microbiology, Apollo Specialty Hospitals, Trichy, India

2Department of Microbiology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

3Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Pub. Date: August 27, 2015

Cite this paper:
Chadiesh Nagarajan, Premamalini Thayanidhi, Rajyoganandh Subramanian Vijayaraman, Anupma Jyoti Kindo and John Samuel. Rhinosinusitis Caused by Unusual Fungus Fonsecaea pedrosoi - A Rare Case Report from South India. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2015; 3(9):297-300. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-3-9-9

Abstract

Phaeohyphomycosis causing rhinosinusitis is not very frequent. We here report a case of rhinosinusitis caused by Fonsecaea pedrosoi in a 53 year old diabetic male, with deviated nasal septum. With surgical correction and antifungal treatment with itraconazole, the patient’s condition improved and he was discharged. Fonsecaea exists in the environment as a saprophyte and its infection is usually not lethal. However in immunocompromised individuals, when there is systemic invasion the mortality rate is high. With limited treatment options available for this fungus, early and prompt identification plays a major role not only in treatment, but also prevents further invasion.

Keywords:
phaeohyphomycosis Fonsecaea pedrosoi fungal rhinosinusitis

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