American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2015, 3(8), 257-264
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-3-8-10
Open AccessCase Report

Drowning in 12-month-old Boy Who Was Later Diagnosed with Epilepsy: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Heda Melinda Nataprawira1, , Nelly Amalia Risan2, Yogi Agustian3 and Evelyn Phangkawira3

1Respirology Division, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Pasteur 38, Bandung, West Java 40161, Indonesia

2Neurology Division, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Pasteur 38, Bandung, West Java 40161, Indonesia

3Pediatric Resident, Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Pasteur 38, Bandung, West Java 40161, Indonesia

Pub. Date: July 21, 2015

Cite this paper:
Heda Melinda Nataprawira, Nelly Amalia Risan, Yogi Agustian and Evelyn Phangkawira. Drowning in 12-month-old Boy Who Was Later Diagnosed with Epilepsy: A Case Report and Review of Literature. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2015; 3(8):257-264. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-3-8-10

Abstract

Introduction: Drowning is an event of respiratory disturbances due to submersion in water, resulting insurvival with or without complications, or death. Several risk factors for drowning are epilepsy, male, intentional accidents (neglected/abused or murdered), and lack of supervision. Objective: The aim of this study is to describe a case of drowning, with epilepsy as a risk factor. Case Presentation: A 12-month-old boy was presented due to drowning in a fish pond. He was referred from a district hospital after receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation. There was an escalation in respiratory problems. While he was planned for discharge he had general tonic clonic seizure. After conducting electroencephalogram, he was diagnosed with epilepsy. We can’t identify whether he drowned due to lack of supervision or seizure in the pond. Conclusion: Finding a risk factor is one of the most important management in drowning. Epilepsy is one of the risk factor, which symptom is not always noticed by parents. Although denied, we still have to do rigorous anamnesis to find epilepsy until it is proven otherwise..

Keywords:
drowning risk factor epilepsy

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