American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2014, 2(12), 269-271
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-2-12-3
Open AccessCase Report

Syncope in a Previously Healthy Young Adult: Undiagnosed Aortic Stenosis, Dilation and Coarctation Requiring Emergent Surgery

Edlira Rruci1, Andi Kaçani2, Gentian Vyshka1, and Efrosina Kajo2

1Biomedical and Experimental Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine in Tirana, Albania

2Service of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Centre “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania

Pub. Date: November 26, 2014

Cite this paper:
Edlira Rruci, Andi Kaçani, Gentian Vyshka and Efrosina Kajo. Syncope in a Previously Healthy Young Adult: Undiagnosed Aortic Stenosis, Dilation and Coarctation Requiring Emergent Surgery. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2014; 2(12):269-271. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-2-12-3

Abstract

Aortic stenosis is a valvular heart disease that needs particular attention; due to the fact that asymptomatic patients may go undiagnosed for periods of time long enough to cause severe morbidity. On the other hand, aortic stenosis frequently is accompanied with other cardiac pathologies, such as a post-stenotic dilation, and coarctation. Imputed as a possible causative factor for sudden cardiac death, among other, aortic stenosis is a common finding in the setting of a bicuspid valve. We present the case of a previously young adult that suffered an episode of syncope during a football game. Exertion and sport activities are well-known situations that might provoke an abrupt manifestation of the latent valvular pathology. We dealt with an aortic stenosis of severe grade, accompanied with dilation and coarctation of aorta, in an individual with bicuspid aortic valve. A major heart surgery intervention was performed, with replacement of the valve, correction of the dilated arch and removal of the coarcted segment. Close follow-ups and monitoring are warranted even in asymptomatic patients, when the stenosis is uncovered as an incidental finding, during routine checkups.

Keywords:
Aortic stenosis left ventricular hypertrophy dilation of aorta coarctation bicuspid aortic valve syncope

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