American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2021, 9(11), 535-537
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-9-11-4
Open AccessArticle

A Case of Pulmonary Alveolar Hemorrhage Mimicking Community Acquired Pneumonia

Caleb V Wutawunashe1, Kourosh Shargani1, and Anu Menon1

1Northwell Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY. 100 E 77th St, New York, NY 10075, USA

Pub. Date: July 12, 2021

Cite this paper:
Caleb V Wutawunashe, Kourosh Shargani and Anu Menon. A Case of Pulmonary Alveolar Hemorrhage Mimicking Community Acquired Pneumonia. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2021; 9(11):535-537. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-9-11-4

Abstract

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is a vasculitis that affects small to medium sized blood vessels in the lungs and kidneys. Alveolar hemorrhage is often initially misdiagnosed as pneumonia and treated incorrectly, leading to higher adverse outcomes in patients with undiagnosed vasculitis. We describe a case of a 68-year-old female who presented to our institution and was initially diagnosed and treated for community acquired pneumonia, however, after a protracted clinical course with no improvement in her respiratory status, she underwent a bronchoscopy that revealed pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage, a manifestation of underlying granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

Keywords:
granulomatosis with polyangiitis pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage pneumonia granulomatosis with polyangiitis

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References:

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[3]  Spalding SJ, Cambria M, Arkachaisri T. Distinguishing Wegener's granulomatosis from necrotizing community acquired pneumonia: A case report and comparison of radiographic findings. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2009; 44(2): 195-197.