American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2021, 9(1), 78-82
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-9-1-20
Open AccessCase Report

Aborted Sudden Cardiac Death from Vasospastic-Induced Ventricular Fibrillation with Normal Coronary Angiography: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Krunal H. Patel1, Andrew V. Doodnauth1, Julian C. Dunkley2, Jennifer Abrams1 and Samy I. McFarlane1,

1Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate -Health Science University, Brooklyn, NY, USA - 11203

2Department of Internal Medicine, NYC + HHC Jacobi Medical Center, 1400 Pelham Pkwy S, Bronx, NY, U.S.A- 10461

Pub. Date: November 25, 2020

Cite this paper:
Krunal H. Patel, Andrew V. Doodnauth, Julian C. Dunkley, Jennifer Abrams and Samy I. McFarlane. Aborted Sudden Cardiac Death from Vasospastic-Induced Ventricular Fibrillation with Normal Coronary Angiography: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2021; 9(1):78-82. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-9-1-20

Abstract

Coronary artery vasospasms have been known to cause episodic angina pectoris, along with ST-T wave changes. In addition, vasospasm if prolonged can cause myocardial ischemia leading to malignant arrhythmias such as ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia resulting in sudden cardiac death (SCD). Treatment for this disorder can be challenging. Current data is lacking on the management of patients receiving appropriate vasodilator medications who present with Ventricular Fibrillation (VFib) as a consequence of coronary artery vasospasms. We present a case of a 71-year-old man who was hospitalized due to recurrent episodes of coronary vasospasms leading to acute decompensation and VFib with subsequent resuscitation while undergoing cardiac catheterization. We also provide review of the literature and updates on the current guidelines from the American Heart Association on this potentially life-threatening disorder.

Keywords:
coronary vasospasm sudden cardiac death variant angina ventricular fibrillation Prinzmetal angina

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