American Journal of Medical Case Reports
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2013, 1(1), 12-15
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-1-1-5
Open AccessCase Report

Osteopenia of Prematurity in an Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infant

Daiva Gorczyca1, , Hanna Cebula2, Elżbieta Rapior3 and Marek Michalski3

13rd Department and Clinic of Pediatrics, Immunology and Rheumatology of Developmental Age, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland

2Department of Clinical Immunology and Pediatrics, Gromkowski Hospital, Wroclaw, Poland

3Department of Neonatology, Gromkowski Hospital, Wroclaw, Poland

Pub. Date: December 22, 2013

Cite this paper:
Daiva Gorczyca, Hanna Cebula, Elżbieta Rapior and Marek Michalski. Osteopenia of Prematurity in an Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infant. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2013; 1(1):12-15. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-1-1-5


Osteopenia of prematurity is a relatively frequent disease in preterm infants. In many cases it remains clinically silent and it is poorly recognized until signs of rickets and pathological fractures occur. We report a case of a preterm female infant with a gestational age of 27 weeks and a birth weight of 820 g with clinical signs of osteopenia: flattened occiput, softness of the skull, generalized hypotonia, bone fragility and fractures. Early and proper supplementation of nutrients and minerals is essential to achieve sufficient bone mineralization.

osteopenia prematurity bone calcium ELBW infant

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