American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2020, 8(6), 150-152
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-8-6-4
Open AccessCase Report

Left Main Coronary Aneurysm: A Rare but a Serious Cause of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Mohammad Alhamaydeh1, , Daniel Ortolano1, David Bassilly1 and Amanpreet Sherwal1

1Conemaugh Memorial Medical Center, Internal Medicine Department, Johnstown, PA

Pub. Date: April 05, 2020

Cite this paper:
Mohammad Alhamaydeh, Daniel Ortolano, David Bassilly and Amanpreet Sherwal. Left Main Coronary Aneurysm: A Rare but a Serious Cause of Acute Myocardial Infarction. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2020; 8(6):150-152. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-8-6-4

Abstract

Left main coronary artery (LMCA) aneurysms are rare with incidence of 1 in 1000 cases among patients undergoing coronary angiography. Coronary artery aneurysm is defined as coronary arterial segment dilation > 1.5 fold greater than normal adjacent coronary segments. Atherosclerosis is the primary cause of coronary aneurysms but also has been reported in other conditions like arterial vasculitis (e.g., Kawasaki disease, Takayasu arteritis), or infection (e.g., syphilis, mycosis). LMCA aneurysms are especially associated with serious complications including thrombosis, distal embolization, spontaneous rupture or dissection or even sudden cardiac death. The optimal treatment for LMCA aneurysm is still controversial and the available results have been based mainly on case reports and not on controlled trials. The lack of consensus about managing LMCA is not the only challenge here. The lack of individualized treatment or precision medicine in this area makes managing these cases at bedside even more challenging.

Keywords:
left main coronary artery aneurysm myocardial infraction

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