American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2019, 7(9), 197-199
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-7-9-4
Open AccessCase Report

Concurrent Streptococcal Pharyngitis and Appendicitis in a Boy with Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Hiro Matsukura1, and Shinichi Tsubata2

1Department of Pediatrics, Saiseikai Toyama Hospital

2Department of Pediatrics, Toyama Red Cross Hospital

Pub. Date: July 18, 2019

Cite this paper:
Hiro Matsukura and Shinichi Tsubata. Concurrent Streptococcal Pharyngitis and Appendicitis in a Boy with Neurodevelopmental Disorder. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2019; 7(9):197-199. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-7-9-4


Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical emergency in children. A Japanese 8-year-old boy with attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) and comorbid autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibited fever, anorexia, and frequent vomiting. Gastrointestinal symptoms were initially regarded as associated with streptococcal pharyngitis and adverse effects of ADHD medication. Empirical antibiotic therapy did not improve his clinical condition. Absence of abdominal distension and tenderness led to a misled diagnosis and delayed diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis. Surgical intervention was made eventually for perforated appendicitis. He recovered without sequelae. Streptococcal pharyngitis with concurrent appendicitis is rare. Children with ASD sometimes have difficulty explaining their signs because of communication problems and insensitivity to pain. Special consideration is necessary when examining children with neurodevelopmental disorders, especially in emergency surgical conditions.

appendectomy attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) autism spectrum disorder (ASD) methylphenidate hydrochloride strep test

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