American Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2013, 1(1), 1-5DOI:
Abstract: Background: Endometriosis is a female physical disorder that happens when cells from the lining of the womb (uterus) grow in other areas of the body i.e., outside of uterine cavity and leads to infertility. It represents a major personal and public health concern. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and interferon-gamma gene CA-repeats polymorphism in patients with different stages of endometriosis.Methodology/Principal Findings: It is a case control prevalence study carried out in gynecology research centre. The mutational analysis of Interferon-γ gene CA repeats were tested for association in 356 affected women with different stages of disease and 372 women with no evidence of disease. The prevalence of endometriosis was accounted in 44.95% of infertile women. All the women were of South Indian origin and ascertained from the same infertility clinic. The broad IFN-gamma genotype and allele frequencies in all patients with different stages of endometriosis varied significantly from that in the control women (χ2 = 8.2690, 4 df, P =0.0822). The disparity in distribution was due to an increase in the a13 (114 bp) allele in the patients with endometriosis (χ2 =13.2394, p= 0.00027, OR=1.6656, 95.0% CI=1.263-2.1953). Conclusions/Significance: Significant difference was experiential in universal allele frequencies between the control women and specifically, women with endometriosis staging were tilted in the direction of minimal (39.04%) and mild disease (33.98%). Therefore, we conclude that interferon-gamma CA-repeat polymorphism may influence the likelihood of a woman developing different stages of endometriosis irrespective of its incidence.