American Journal of Medical and Biological Research
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American Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2017, 5(2), 31-37
DOI: 10.12691/ajmbr-5-2-4
Open AccessArticle

Impact of Body Mass Index Changes on Development of Hypertension in Preparatory School Students: A Cross Sectional Study Based on Anthropometric Measurements

Nassar A. A. Omar1, 2, Momen Elshazley3, 4, , Salah M. El Sayed5, 6, Amal N. A. Al- lithy7 and Manal Mohamed Helmy Nabo8

1Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag 82524, Egypt

2Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Clinical Pharmacy, Taif University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

3Department of Occupational Diseases and Toxigenomics, Taibah University College of Medicine, Al-Madinah Al Mounwara 41411, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

4Department of Industrial Medicine and Occupational Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag 82524, Egypt

5Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Taibah University College of Medicine, Al-Madinah Al Mounwara 41411, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

6Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag 82524, Egypt

7Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag 82524, Egypt

8Department of Pediatrics, Uhud hospital, governorate of health, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: December 25, 2017

Cite this paper:
Nassar A. A. Omar, Momen Elshazley, Salah M. El Sayed, Amal N. A. Al- lithy and Manal Mohamed Helmy Nabo. Impact of Body Mass Index Changes on Development of Hypertension in Preparatory School Students: A Cross Sectional Study Based on Anthropometric Measurements. American Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2017; 5(2):31-37. doi: 10.12691/ajmbr-5-2-4

Abstract

Assessing nutritional status using body mass index (BMI) measurements and body compositions evaluation could be simple clinical reliable tools and indicators of adolescent health. On the other hand, hypertension becomes a serious public health problem affecting both children and adolescents. This study aimed at evaluating the association of body composition alterations and development of blood pressure changes among adolescents in Taif governorate, Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional survey design was adopted in which 701 children (aged 12-15) years in Taif city were drawn and randomly selected from the preparatory schools. Measurement of systolic/diastolic blood pressure and comprehensive assessment of anthropometric parameters were done for all participants including weight, height, waist and hip circumferences in addition to triceps, biceps, subscapular and supra-iliac skinfold thickness. Body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat, waist: hip, total body fat and lean body mass were also calculated. In our study, 29.8% of participants were underweight, 9.8% were overweight, 4% were obese and 56.3% showed normal BMI. 6.7% of the participants suffered from hypotension while 6.1% had hypertension. Interestingly, BMI was significantly associated with a greater prevalence of hypertension (normal weight 1.91%, overweight 2.90%, and obesity 10 %). In conclusion, our study sheds the light on the importance of using BMI and anthropometric measures in evaluating the unhealthy weight status of adolescent school students as early predictors of hypertension development. Saudi Anthropometric measurements are comparable to international standards. The future life style changes (sedentary life vs. exercise and food type) impact the development of diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome in the Saudi society.

Keywords:
anthropometry obesity overweight hypertension underweight

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