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American Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2022, 10(1), 1-8
DOI: 10.12691/ajmbr-10-1-1
Open AccessArticle

An Emergence of Multidrug Resistant Nosocomial Pathogen - Acinetobacter baumannii

Satani S.1 and Ratna Trivedi1,

1Department of Environment Science, Shree Ramakrishna Institute of Computer Education and Applied Science, M.T.B. College Campus, Athwalines, Surat – 395001, Gujarat, India

Pub. Date: March 23, 2022

Cite this paper:
Satani S. and Ratna Trivedi. An Emergence of Multidrug Resistant Nosocomial Pathogen - Acinetobacter baumannii. American Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2022; 10(1):1-8. doi: 10.12691/ajmbr-10-1-1

Abstract

Nosocomial infections have been recognized as one of the most critical problems in hospitalization, particularly in critical care units. As these infections prolong hospitalization, require extensive diagnostics and treatment, leads to excessive cost. The emergence of multidrug resistant pathogens has become a threat in critically ill, immuno-compromised patients due to the extensive use of antimicrobial. The most common types of nosocomial infections are pneumonia, urinary tract infections, meningitis, wound, soft tissue, surgical site infections and blood stream infections. These infections can be life threatening, capable of making of therapeutic options exceedingly difficult and limits the critical care settings. Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter spp are most common nosocomial pathogens. Among all nosocomial species multidrug resistance (MDR) A.baumannii is most pathogenic microorganism. Here a review on A. Baumannii in relation to nosocomial infection is conducted. This review includes risk factors, diagnosis modalities, pathogenesis, MDR properties, mechanism of MDR and treatment of A. Baumannii.

Keywords:
MDR mechanism of resistance nosocomial infection risk factor

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