American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2328-4056 ISSN (Online): 2328-4064 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajidm Editor-in-chief: Maysaa El Sayed Zaki
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American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2017, 5(3), 106-108
DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-5-3-2
Open AccessCase Report

An Unusual Case of Neck Swelling

Vinay Acharya1 and Jose A Perez Jr2, 3,

1Internal Medicine Residency Program, Department of Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, USA

2Professor of Clinical Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine

3Vice Chair of Education and Residency Program Director;Department of Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, USA

Pub. Date: June 15, 2017

Cite this paper:
Vinay Acharya and Jose A Perez Jr. An Unusual Case of Neck Swelling. American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2017; 5(3):106-108. doi: 10.12691/ajidm-5-3-2

Abstract

Acute Suppurative Thyroiditis (AST), an infection of the thyroid caused by bacteria, fungi, or parasites, is a unique cause of thyroid disease. While the causative agents are usually gram-positive skin flora, cases due to atypical bacteria or fungi have been seen in susceptible patient populations. In adults, AST is usually attributed to trauma, fine needle aspiration of the thyroid, or an immunocompromised state usually due to organ transplant, HIV infection, or uncontrolled diabetes. If untreated, the morbidity and mortality of AST is high. We describe a case of AST in a patient whose only risk factor was uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus where the presumed causative agent was extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing E. coli, an exceedingly rare cause of AST. We discuss the commonly reported etiologies, risk factors, and hormonal dysfunction of this rare condition.

Keywords:
acute suppurative thyroiditis extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing E. coli type 2 diabetes mellitus

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