American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2328-4056 ISSN (Online): 2328-4064 Website: Editor-in-chief: Maysaa El Sayed Zaki
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American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2014, 2(6A), 1-18
DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-2-6A-1
Open AccessResearch Article

Exposing the Origins of the Ebola Outbreak: Urging for a Shift in Response from Reactive to Proactive

Arooj Akhtar1, Eyerusalem Befkadu1, Paramita Basu1, and Priyank Kumar1,

1Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, Touro College of Pharmacy, New York, USA

Pub. Date: December 24, 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ebola virus: a global threat)

Cite this paper:
Arooj Akhtar, Eyerusalem Befkadu, Paramita Basu and Priyank Kumar. Exposing the Origins of the Ebola Outbreak: Urging for a Shift in Response from Reactive to Proactive. American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2014; 2(6A):1-18. doi: 10.12691/ajidm-2-6A-1


On August 8, 2014, the World Health Organization established that the current Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), urging the global community to orchestrate their efforts to control the outbreak. As of November 12, 2014 the World Health Organization reported that at least 5,160 lives have been lost to the virus. We conducted a literature review in order to determine the underlying factors contributing to the emergence, rapid spread, and uncontrolled nature of the current virus outbreak, the first to display a distinct epicenter in West Africa. The global community’s reaction to Ebola has been marked by fear. Fear of both the unknown nature of the virus, and knowing that we have made limited efforts in strengthening our arsenal of Ebola fighting treatment options. We explore novel treatment and precautionary approaches in an attempt to shift the response from reactive to proactive in our efforts to battle Ebola.

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) seasonal distribution deforestation socio-political infrastructure micronutrient deficiency vaccines treatment

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


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