American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2328-4056 ISSN (Online): 2328-4064 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajidm Editor-in-chief: Maysaa El Sayed Zaki
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American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2022, 10(1), 22-25
DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-10-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Leishmaniasis: An Emerging and Re-emerging Disease of Global Public Health Concern

Mahendra Pal1, , Kirubel Paulos Gutama2, Carl H. D. Steinmetz3 and Pratibha Dave4

1Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology- Anand-388001, Gujarat, India

2Adaba Woreda Livestock and Fishery Resource Development Office, West Arsi, Ethiopia

3Expats and Immigrants B.V., Amsterdam, the Netherlands

4Welfare Hospital and Research Centre, Bharuch -392001, Gujarat, India

Pub. Date: December 03, 2021

Cite this paper:
Mahendra Pal, Kirubel Paulos Gutama, Carl H. D. Steinmetz and Pratibha Dave. Leishmaniasis: An Emerging and Re-emerging Disease of Global Public Health Concern. American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2022; 10(1):22-25. doi: 10.12691/ajidm-10-1-4

Abstract

Emerging and re-emerging diseases are causing health and economic concerns in developing as well as developed nations of the world. Leishmaniasis is an emerging and re-emerging parasitic disease caused by a protozoa belonging to the Trypanosomatidae family, Kinetoplastida order, and Leishmania genus. The female infected sand fly transmits the disease to the vertebrate host. The following are the several kinds of leishmaniasis: The most deadly form of leishmaniasis is visceral leishmaniasis, which can be fatal if left untreated. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most prevalent type of leishmaniasis, which causes a sore at the bite site. Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis begins with skin ulcers that extend to the nose, mouth, and throat, causing tissue damage. Rodents, edentates, canids, procyonids, marsupials, primitive ungulates, and primates are possible disease's reservoir. Direct visualization of the amastigotes in the haematology laboratory is used to diagnose leishmaniasis (Leishman-Donovan bodies). If leishmaniasis in dogs is to be suspected and diagnosed, it is critical to recognize the clinicopathologic features associated with the disease. Finally, demonstrating Leishmania sp. amastigotes, either cytologically or histopathologically, is the most reliable diagnostic test. Controlling sand flies and taking precautions to avoid exposure to them can help to prevent and control canine and human leishmaniasis.

Keywords:
control diagnosis etiology Leishmaniasis prevention public health sand flies

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