American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2328-4056 ISSN (Online): 2328-4064 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajidm Editor-in-chief: Maysaa El Sayed Zaki
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2022, 10(1), 7-10
DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-10-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Current Perceptive on the Virulence Factors of Yersinia Enterocolitica: A Critical Review

Mahendra Pal1, and Adugna Girma Lema2

1Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Anand, Gujarat, India

2YemalogiWelelWoreda Livestock and Fishery Development and Resource Office, KellemWollega Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Pub. Date: November 26, 2021

Cite this paper:
Mahendra Pal and Adugna Girma Lema. Current Perceptive on the Virulence Factors of Yersinia Enterocolitica: A Critical Review. American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2022; 10(1):7-10. doi: 10.12691/ajidm-10-1-2

Abstract

Yersininia enterocolitica is an important food-borne pathogen that has become more common in recent years because of the fecal oral transmission by humans and animals. After ingesting the contaminated food, this neglected pathogen begins its pathogenic activity by invading the digestive tract of the host. Due to its growth habits, low quantities in samples and physical similarities with other bacteria, Y. enterocolitica remains a challenge for the researchers and food handlers. We presented latest information on the virulence factor in this review. All Yersinia enterocolitica have an infection strategy that relies on a virulence factor to allow them to enter, adhering to, and colonize the host while evading the host defenses and avoiding host cell clearance.

Keywords:
food borne transmission virulence factor public health Yersinia

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Pal, M., Beshatu, F., Ritwick, D., “Significance of Yersinia entrocolitica as emerging zoonotic food borne pathogen.”J. Natural Hist., (2001), 9, 36-45. 2013.
 
[2]  Sabina, Y., Rahman, A., Ray, R.C., Montet, D.,“Yersinia enterocolitica : Mode of transmission, molecular insights of virulence, and pathogenesis of Infection.”J. Pathol, (2011), 2011, 1-11.
 
[3]  Ahmad, S., Raza, S., Quratulain, U.R., Rungrotmongkol, T., and Azam, S.S, “Identification of Yersinia enterocolitica genes affecting survival in an animal host using signature-tagged transposon mutagenesis.” J. Molec. Liq., (2018), 5, 372-389.
 
[4]  Verbikova, V., Borilova, G., Babak, V., and Moravkova, M., “Prevalence, characterization and antimicrobial susceptibility of Yersinia enterocolitica and other Yersinia species found in fruits and vegetables from the European Union.” J. Food Contr., (2018), 85, 161-167.
 
[5]  Golubov, A., Heesemann, J., and Rakin, A., “Uncovering genomic difference in human pathogenic Yersinia entrocolitica. FEMS.” J. Immunol. Med. Microbiol., (2003), 38, 107-111.
 
[6]  Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M., Hallanvuo, S., Korte, T., Siitonen, A., Korkeala, H., “Correspondence of genotypes of sporadic Yersinia enterocolitica bioserotype 4/O:3 strains from human and porcine sources.” J. Epid. Infec., (2001), 12, 37-47.
 
[7]  Bottone, E. J., “Yersinia enterocolitica.” Clin. Microbiol. Rev., (2018), 10, 257-276.
 
[8]  Pal, M., “Yersinia enterocolita as an important pathogen of food safety concern.” J Exper. Food Chem., (2018), 49, 1-2.
 
[9]  Murray, P., Baron, R., E.J., Pfaller, M.A., Tenover, F.C., Yolken, R.H., “Manual of Clinical Microbiology.” (1999), 7 th ed. ASM Press; USA.
 
[10]  Atkinson, S., and Williams, P.,“Yersinia virulence factors a sophisticated arsenal for combating host defences.” F1000 Faculty Rev., (2016), 5, 1-10.
 
[11]  Cristi, L.G., Jason, A.R., Michelle, A.K., and Ashok, K.C., “Pathogenesis of Yersinia enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis in human yersiniosis.”J. Pathog., (2011), 2011: 182051.
 
[12]  Fàbrega, A., and Vila, J., “Yersinia enterocolitica : Pathogenesis, virulence and antimicrobial resistance.” Enferm Infect. Microbiol. Clin., (2012), 30, 24-32.
 
[13]  Young, G.M., Badger, J.L., Miller, V.L., “Motility is required to initiate host cell invasion by Yersinia enterocolitica.” J. Infect. Immunol., (2000), 68, 4323-4326.
 
[14]  Galindo, C.L., Rosenzweig, J.A., Kirtley, M.L., Chopra, A.K., “Pathogenesis of Yersinia enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis in human yersiniosis.” J.Pathog., (2011), 2011, 1-17.
 
[15]  Heise, T., and Dersch, P., “Identification of a domain in Yersinia virulence factor YadA that is crucial for extracellular matrix-specific cell adhesion and uptake. “Proc. Natio. Acad. Scien. USA., (2006), 103, 3375-3380.
 
[16]  Mühlenkamp, M., Oberhettinger, P., Leo, J.C., “Yersinia adhesin A (YadA) beauty and beast.” Inter.J. Med. Microbiol., (2015), 305, 252-258.
 
[17]  Bengoechea, J., Najdenski, A., Skurnik, H., and M., “Lipopolysaccharide O antigen status of Yersinia enterocolitica O:8 is essential for virulence and absence of O anti- gen affects the expression of other Yersinia virulence factors.” J. Microbiol., (2004), 52, 451-469.
 
[18]  Singh, I., Virdi, J.S.,“Production of Yersinia stable toxin (YST) and distribution of yst genes in biotype 1A strains of Yersinia enterocolitica.”J Med.Microbiol., (2004), 53, 1065-1068.
 
[19]  Parkhill, J., Wren, B.W., Thomson, N.R. et al., “Genome sequence of Yersinia pestis the causative agent of plague.” J. Nature, (2001), 413, 523–527.
 
[20]  Degen, J. L., Bugge, T.H., Goguen, J.D., “Fibrin and fibrinolysis in infection and host defense.” J.Throm.Haem., (2007), 5, 24-31.
 
[21]  Bhagat, N., and Virdi, J. S., “The enigma of Yersinia enterocolitica biovar 1A. Critical Review. J. Clin. Microbiol., (2011), 37, 25-39.