American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2328-4056 ISSN (Online): 2328-4064 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajidm Editor-in-chief: Maysaa El Sayed Zaki
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American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2021, 9(1), 20-24
DOI: 10.12691/ajidm-9-1-5
Open AccessArticle

Characteristics, Clinical Outcomes and Psychological Experiences of Patients Hospitalized in a Field Hospital Dedicated for COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia

Mohammed Alrawi1, , Olayan Alfraidi1, Khalid H. Alanazi1, Emad Khadawardi2, Rustom Bashtawi2, Hanan Hathout1, Mervat Eladlatouni1, Abu Baker AlJifri1, Moteb AlSaedi2 and Saad Almohammadi1

1Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

2King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Madinah

Pub. Date: February 26, 2021

Cite this paper:
Mohammed Alrawi, Olayan Alfraidi, Khalid H. Alanazi, Emad Khadawardi, Rustom Bashtawi, Hanan Hathout, Mervat Eladlatouni, Abu Baker AlJifri, Moteb AlSaedi and Saad Almohammadi. Characteristics, Clinical Outcomes and Psychological Experiences of Patients Hospitalized in a Field Hospital Dedicated for COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2021; 9(1):20-24. doi: 10.12691/ajidm-9-1-5

Abstract

Objective: To explore the characteristics, clinical outcomes and psychological experience of patients infected with COVID-19 admitted to a field hospital in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: Medical records of patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 who were hospitalized in the COVID-19 field hospital in Madinah, Saudi Arabia from July 20 to November 9, 2020 were reviewed. Clinical features and outcomes of patients were collected for analysis. A telephonic questionnaire was used to explore the hospital stay experience of COVID-19 discharged patients. Results: A total of 208 patients were included (mean age, 51.5 years; range 26-85 years; 76.9% male). The most common comorbidities were diabetes (106; 50.96%) and hypertension (81; 38.94%). On admission, all patients (n= 208, 100%) had pneumonia, 40.86% were febrile, and 47.11% of patients had an oxygen saturation level below 93%. Headache and fatigue were also documented among 37% and 30% of all patients respectively on admission. During the study period, only one patient died in the center. Analysis of psychological experience of 81 patients showed that 45.68% of patients rejected the idea of receiving care in a hospital dedicated for COVID-19. However, the patients’ attitude toward their experience changed from negative to finally quite positive about the care they received. Conclusion: Field hospitals can be effectively used to provide care for COVID-19 patients with good clinical outcomes. Appropriate psychological interventions are required to change the patients’ attitude towards such settings and improve the hospital stay experience.

Keywords:
COVID-19 Field Hospital patient experience clinical outcomes

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