American Journal of Hypertension Research
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American Journal of Hypertension Research. 2021, 8(1), 1-7
DOI: 10.12691/ajhr-8-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Hypertension and Its Associated Factors among Adults in Selected Areas of Bangladesh: A Community Based Cross-sectional Study

Md. Nahian Rahman1, , Syeda Saima Alam2, Shaidaton Nisha1, Fathima Nusrath Zaman3, Maherun Nesa4, Sharif Muhammad Faizul Alam5, Faroque Md Mohsin6, Mahmudul Mannan7, Md. Mahedi Hasan8, Md. Mahbubur Rahman1, Smita Roy Tory1, Sabrina Rahman9, Abu Zobayed10, Sumaiya Jahan Dina1 and Khaleda Islam11

1MSc, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Lecturer, Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

3Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Bangladesh

4Registrar, Sheikh Hasina National Institute of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Bangladesh

5Deputy Secretary, Health Services Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Bangladesh

6Medical Officer, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Bangladesh

7Post Graduate Diploma, Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Canada

8BSc (Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, Dhaka University, Bangladesh), MPH (Northern University)

9BSc (Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, Dhaka University), MPH (North South University)

100M.Pharm, Department of Clinical Pharmacy & Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

111Professor, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: August 18, 2021

Cite this paper:
Md. Nahian Rahman, Syeda Saima Alam, Shaidaton Nisha, Fathima Nusrath Zaman, Maherun Nesa, Sharif Muhammad Faizul Alam, Faroque Md Mohsin, Mahmudul Mannan, Md. Mahedi Hasan, Md. Mahbubur Rahman, Smita Roy Tory, Sabrina Rahman, Abu Zobayed, Sumaiya Jahan Dina and Khaleda Islam. Prevalence of Hypertension and Its Associated Factors among Adults in Selected Areas of Bangladesh: A Community Based Cross-sectional Study. American Journal of Hypertension Research. 2021; 8(1):1-7. doi: 10.12691/ajhr-8-1-1

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a silent killer and an overwhelming global public health challenge. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in Bangladesh. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted among 400 adults who lived in Dhaka, Mymensingh, Sylhet and Khulna District. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that is adapted from the WHO Stepwise approach. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 25. Descriptive statistics and bivariate logistic regression analysis were conducted and statistical significance was declared at a p-value ≤0.05. Results: This study identified a high prevalence of hypertension in the study area and it was 39.75%. Among the male the prevalence was 23.5% and the prevalence was 16.5% among female. In this study hypertension was significantly associated with the age group 51-65 years (OR=1.02; CI 0.557-1.862) , ever smoking (OR= 2.59; CI 1.718-3.917) consume less fruits (OR=3.125; CI 0.839-11.632) and vegetable (OR=2.25; CI 1.364-3.725), physically inactive (OR=1.48; CI 0.973-2.252) overweight (OR=7.98; CI 4.612-13.793) and had diabetes mellitus (0R=2.38; CI 1.213-4.659). Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension was considerably higher in this study area. Hence, the health care system needs to establish strategies to improve the diagnostic and screening services. Community-level intervention and regular assessment, screening, and diagnosis of behavioral, socio-demographic, and physiological risk factors, screening, should be institutionalized to address the occult burden of hypertension.

Keywords:
hypertension adults Bangladesh cross-sectional study prevalence associated factors

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