American Journal of Hypertension Research
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American Journal of Hypertension Research. 2020, 7(1), 1-6
DOI: 10.12691/ajhr-7-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Body Composition and Anthropometric Indices Association with Blood Pressure Levels among Hypertensive Patients at a County Hospital in Kenya

Dennis Mbae1, , Judith Munga1 and Irene Ogada2

1Department of Food Nutrition and Dietetics, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya

2Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Canada

Pub. Date: January 19, 2020

Cite this paper:
Dennis Mbae, Judith Munga and Irene Ogada. Body Composition and Anthropometric Indices Association with Blood Pressure Levels among Hypertensive Patients at a County Hospital in Kenya. American Journal of Hypertension Research. 2020; 7(1):1-6. doi: 10.12691/ajhr-7-1-1

Abstract

Hypertension is one of the leading cardiovascular diseases globally. The documentation on body composition, anthropometric indices and blood pressure level is limited, among Sub-Sahara Africa countries, despite the growing burden of non-communicable diseases. This study determined associations between body composition and anthropometric indices with blood pressure among hypertensive patients attending a referral hospital in Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya. A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted among 234 adult hypertensive patients attending the hypertension clinic. A researcher administered questionnaire was used to collect data for six months. The body composition, waist circumference, weight and height were measured. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Most (88.0%) of the participants had increased risk of cardiovascular disease based on waist hip ratio of men: ≥0.90cm; women: ≥0.85cm. Nearly half (42.7%) of the participants had uncontrolled blood pressure (≥140/90 mm Hg). Further, 62.4% of the participants were overweight (BMI: 25.0-29.9), while 25.2% were obese. Blood pressure levels were significantly associated with BMI (X2=26.6; p<0.001), body fat(X2=10.8; p=0.028), waist hip ratio(X2=8.2; p=0.004) and skeletal muscle (X2=16.5; p<0.001). Skeletal muscle, BMI, waist circumference and visceral fat were significantly associated with higher odds of uncontrolled blood pressure. Body composition and anthropometric indices were associated with blood pressure levels among hypertensive patients.

Keywords:
hypertension Tharaka-nithi county body composition anthropometric indices

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