American Journal of Food Science and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-4827 ISSN (Online): 2333-4835 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajfst Editor-in-chief: Hyo Choi
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American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2018, 6(2), 57-67
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-6-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Combination Probiotic Supernatants Reduce Growth and Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus spp in Food Contamination

Gamal M. Hamad1, 2, , Marwa M Abu-Serie3, 2, Safwat H. Ali4 and Elsayed E. Hafez5, 2

1Food Technology Department, Arid Land Cultivation Research Institute

2City of Scientific Research and Technology Applications (SRTA- CITY), New Borg El-Arab City, Egypt

3Medical Biotechnology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute

4Department of Biochemistry Faculty of Agriculture Ain Shams University, Egypt

5Plant Protection and Biomolecular Diagnosis Department, Arid Land Cultivation Research Institute

Pub. Date: February 05, 2018

Cite this paper:
Gamal M. Hamad, Marwa M Abu-Serie, Safwat H. Ali and Elsayed E. Hafez. Combination Probiotic Supernatants Reduce Growth and Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus spp in Food Contamination. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2018; 6(2):57-67. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-6-2-1

Abstract

Antifungal proproties of the probiotic culture supernatant (PCS) of three of probiotic bacterial strains; Bifidobacterium bifidum, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum was tested as antifungal against two mycotoxin producing fungi; Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. The results revealed that the probiotic culture supernatant showed high antifungal activity either on the fungal growth and aflatoxin (AF) production. Moreover, probiotic culture supernatant (PCS) at 1% concentration achieved high inhibition of AFB1 production by Aspergillus flavus by percentage reached to 76%. But this percentage was increased up to 77% in case of Aspergillus parasiticus. In more details, it was observed that probiotic culture supernatant (PCS) are capable to make complete inhibition for the synthesis of both AFG1 and AFG2 produced by Aspergillus parasiticus. In addition, the probiotic culture supernatant are rich with the antioxidant compounds which help in food control and induce the human immune system. It can conclude that the probiotic culture supernatant of the three examined probiotic strains could be used as food additives for controlling the food contamination and aflatoxin production.

Keywords:
Probiotic bacteria Aspergilus spp Aflatoxins food contamination food control

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